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Table 3 Factors associated with levels of confidence in diagnosing and managing WAD and PTSD

From: General practitioners knowledge and management of whiplash associated disorders and post-traumatic stress disorder: implications for patient care

  Diagnosing WAD Managing WAD Diagnosing PTSD Managing PTSD
  OR (95 % CI) OR (95 % CI) OR (95 % CI) OR (95 % CI)
Gender
 Male 1 (refa) 1 (ref) 1 (ref) 1 (ref)
 Female 0.54 (0.31–0.96)* 0.72 (0.46–1.14) 1.08 (0.67–1.66) 0.99 (0.68–1.47)
Years of experience as a GP
  < or equal to 10 year 1 (ref) 1 (ref) 1 (ref) 1 (ref)
 11–20 year 2.19 (0.89–5.34) 2.38 (1.09–5.18)* 1.17 (0.60–2.43) 0.73 (0.38–1.41)
 20+ yrs 2.78 (1.50–5.17)* 2.26 (1.34–3.81)* 1.61 (0.95–2.73) 1.04 (0.65–1.68)
Location of practice
 Remote 1 (ref) 1 (ref) 1 (ref) 1 (ref)
 Regional 1.90 (0.77–4.61) 2.91 (1.29–6.55)* 0.66 (0.27–1.62) 0.54 (0.24–1.23)
 Urban 2.45 (1.04–5.80)* 2.03 (0.93–4.39) 0.50 (0.21–1.21) 0.53 (0.24–1.18)
Overall no. of GPs in practice
 1 1 (ref) 1 (ref) 1 (ref) 1 (ref)
 2–3 2.46 (0.88–6.87) 2.18 (0.91–5.19) 0.96 (0.43–2.13) 1.11 (0.53–2.33)
 4–7 1.82 (0.78–4.27) 1.38 (0.66–2.89) 1.54 (0.74–3.18) 0.94 (0.49–1.83)
 > or equal to 8 1.42 (0.59–3.45) 1.28 (0.59–2.76) 1.06 (0.51–2.19) 1.00 (0.51–1.98)
WAD knowledge level
 Low 1 (ref) 1 (ref)   
 Middle 2.38 (1.05–5.39)* 2.13 (1.05–4.30)* - -
 High 2.86 (1.15–7.12)* 2.93 (1.36–6.32)*   
PTSD knowledge level
 Low    1 (ref) 1 (ref)
 Middle - - 1.85 (1.08–3.16)* 1.73 (1.04–2.88)*
 High    3.27 (1.68–6.37)* 2.42 (1.34–4.360*
  1. aReference group
  2. *Significant at p-value <0.05