Skip to main content

Table 2 Responses for items dealing with knowledge about WAD and PTSD

From: General practitioners knowledge and management of whiplash associated disorders and post-traumatic stress disorder: implications for patient care

Item T/F % correct
Whiplash
 1. People with a whiplash injury to the neck have a poorer prognosis when:
  a. Pain > 7/10 on a Visual Analogue Scale on day 1 vs follow up T 38
  b. People have a psychological injury or psychological comorbidity T 95
  c. People have a low expectation of recovery T 90
  d. People do not have an expectation of return to work T 87
 2. Components of a whiplash injury to the neck that indicate the need for cervical spine X-ray include:
  a. Inability to rotate the neck beyond 45° to the left or right T 44
  b. Paraesthesia in the extremities T 95
  c. Age ≥ to 65 years T 65
 3. Effective evidence-based treatments for whiplash injury to the neck include:
  a. Range of movement exercises T 95
  b. Manipulation F 20
  c. Passive mobilisation F 73
  d. Collars F 76
  e. Rest in bed rather than graded return to usual activities F 96
 Average   73
PTSD
 4. People who are likely to have a poorer prognosis from PTSD if untreated include:
  a. People who have PTSD symptoms persisting beyond 1 month after the injury T 85
  b. People whose physical injuries are of greater severity F 34
  c. People involved in litigation for criminal or civil purposes T 84
 5. I would usually refer a patient with a post-traumatic stress presentation to mental health services if there was:
  a. Prominence of depression in the presentation T 81
  b. Prominence of pain in the presentation T 31
  c. Presence of PTSD symptoms subsequent to a mild traumatic brain injury T 72
  d. Presence of PTSD symptoms persisting beyond 1 month post injury T 82
  e. Presence of a mental health history T 76
 6. First line evidence-based treatments for adults with PTSD include:
  a. Trauma focused cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) T 89
  b. Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRI) F 22
  c. Benzodiazepines F 85
 7. Aside from PTSD, psychiatric disorders that can commonly occur following a injury include:
  a. Major Depressive Disorder T 83
  b. Generalized Anxiety Disorder T 94
  c. Brief Psychotic Disorder F 49
  d. Substance Use Disorder T 59
 Average   68