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Table 3 Comparison of risk factors of health in 15 to 19 year olds and 20 to 24 year olds in Saudi Arabia, 2013

From: The health of Saudi youths: current challenges and future opportunities

Factor Categories 15-19 years 20-24 years P value
N Percent/Mean SE N Percent/Mean SE
BMI (%) <18.5 Kg/m2 196 17.2 1.4 99 8.9 1.1 <0.001
18.5-24.9 Kg/m2 601 50.4 1.8 511 47.2 2.0
25-29.9 Kg/m2 242 20.9 1.5 314 28.0 1.7
30+ Kg/m2 141 11.6 1.2 186 15.9 1.4
Smoking (%) Never smoked 1148 94.4 0.9 964 84.0 1.4 <0.001
Former smoker 26 2.1 0.5 24 1.4 0.4
Current smoker 49 3.5 0.7 164 14.6 1.4
Shisha (%) Daily users 19 1.5 0.4 56 4.8 0.9 <0.001
Others 1199 98.5 0.4 1092 95.2 0.9
Fruit and vegetables (%) No servings 462 39.8 1.8 387 36.6 1.9 0.472
1 to 4 servings 694 53.9 1.8 707 56.5 1.9
5 or more servings 68 6.3 0.9 64 6.9 1.1
Activity (%) No physical activity 325 25.1 1.6 462 37.7 1.9 <0.001
Insufficient 321 29.0 1.7 270 25.4 1.7
Moderate 155 12.6 1.2 135 12.7 1.3
Vigorous 389 33.3 1.7 264 24.2 1.7
Blood pressure (%) Normal blood pressure 909 77.2 1.56 740 65.45 1.88 <0.001
Prehypertension 251 20.8 1.51 329 29.55 1.80
Stage 1 hypertension 21 1.68 0.45 41 4.53 0.89
Stage 2 hypertension 6 0.43 0.21 4 .46 0.27
Daily sitting time (hr) 1155 4.5 0.1 1087 4.6 0.1 0.444
Weekly TV and computer time (hr) 1165 7.6 0.3 1089 8.1 0.4 0.360
Days eating fast food (per week) 1113 2.2 0.1 1024 2.3 0.1 0.459
Soda or popa (Numbers per week) 1074 2.3 0.1 958 2.4 0.2 0.696
Days eating processed meat (per week) 1157 0.6 0.05 1061 0.7 0.1 0.204
Processed meat (servings per day) 304 1.6 0.1 302 1.5 0.1 0.511
Days eating other processed food (per week) 1160 1.4 0.1 1078 1.6 0.1 0.049
Other processed food (servings per day) 679 1.5 0.05 628 1.6 0.1 0.073
Uses handset cell phone while drivingb (%) Never 100 21.3 2.4 64 11.4 1.7 0.003
Sometimes 329 70.1 2.7 362 75.5 2.6
Always 40 8.6 1.7 46 13.1 2.3
Uses hands-free cell phone while drivingb (%) Never 348 72.7 2.6 326 68.4 2.8 0.439
Sometimes 109 23.4 2.5 127 28.0 2.7
Always 19 3.9 1.0 19 3.6 1.1
Follows speed limitsb (%) Never 113 24.1 2.5 95 20.6 2.4 0.387
Sometimes 237 51.5 3.0 279 57.3 3.0
Always 103 24.4 2.7 93 22.1 2.6
Uses seatbelt while drivingb (%) Never 299 60.6 2.9 239 48.6 3.0 0.007
Sometimes 155 34.6 2.8 206 46.9 3.0
Always 24 4.8 1.2 28 4.4 1.0
Uses seatbelt as front passenger (%) Never 917 75.3 1.6 821 71.4 1.8 0.248
Sometimes 253 21.9 1.5 266 25.1 1.7
Always 33 2.8 0.7 46 3.5 0.6
Uses seatbelt as back passenger (%) Never 1098 90.6 1.1 1020 90.2 1.1 0.800
Sometimes 91 8.5 1.1 101 9.1 1.0
Always 16 0.9 0.3 16 0.7 0.2
  1. aCarbonated soft drinks
  2. bOnly men answered this item