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Table 2 Risk factors of health among Saudi youths by sex, 2013

From: The health of Saudi youths: current challenges and future opportunities

Factor Categories Male Female P value
N Percent/Mean SE N Percent/Mean SE
BMI (%) <18.5 Kg/m2 164 14.4 1.3 131 12.3 1.3 0.564
18.5-24.9 Kg/m2 544 47.5 1.9 568 50.5 1.9
25-29.9 Kg/m2 284 24.9 1.6 272 23.4 1.6
30+ Kg/m2 157 13.3 1.3 170 13.9 1.3
Smoking (%) Never smoked 943 81.2 1.5 1169 98.5 0.5 <0.001
Former smoker 42 2.7 0.6 8 0.8 0.4
Current smoker 202 16.1 1.4 11 0.8 0.3
Shisha (%) Daily users 60 5.0 0.8 15 1.0 0.4 <0.001
Others 1113 95.0 0.8 1178 99.0 0.4
Fruit and vegetables (%) No servings 407 37.5 1.8 442 39.0 1.8 0.073
1 to 4 servings 718 57.2 1.8 683 53.0 1.9
5 or more servings 64 5.3 0.8 68 8.0 1.1
Activity (%) No physical activity 255 19.7 1.4 532 42.8 1.9 <0.001
Insufficient 245 22.1 1.6 346 32.8 1.8
Moderate 177 16.1 1.4 113 9.0 1.0
Vigorous 479 42.1 1.9 174 15.4 1.4
Blood pressure (%) Normal blood pressure 741 64.38 1.81 908 79.54 1.54 <0.001
Prehypertension 362 31.26 1.76 218 18.00 1.45
Stage 1 hypertension 44 3.93 0.74 18 2.00 0.60
Stage 2 hypertension 5 0.43 0.24 5 0.46 0.24
Daily sitting time (hr) 1129 4.4 0.1 1113 4.7 0.1 0.022
Weekly TV and computer time (hr) 1137 7.8 0.4 117 7.9 0.4 0.874
Days eating fast food (per week) 1080 2.6 0.1 1057 1.9 0.1 <0.001
Soda or popa (numbers per week) 1064 2.2 0.1 968 2.5 0.2 0.180
Days eating processed meat (per week) 1120 0.7 0.1 1098 0.6 0.0 0.176
Processed meat (servings per day) 310 1.6 0.1 296 1.5 0.1 0.243
Days eating other processed food (per week) 1125 1.6 0.1 1113 1.4 0.1 0.030
Other processed food (servings per day) 674 1.6 0.1 633 1.4 0.1 0.007
Uses seatbelt as front passenger (%) Never 789 65.4 1.8 949 82.2 1.4 <0.001
Sometimes 323 30.3 1.7 196 16.1 1.4
Always 59 4.4 0.7 20 1.7 0.5
Uses seatbelt as back passenger (%) Never 1039 89.1 1.1 1079 91.7 1.1 0.238
Sometimes 111 9.9 1.1 81 7.6 1.0
Always 23 1.0 0.2 9 0.7 0.3
  1. aCarbonated soft drinks