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Table 3 Study variable scores over time pre- and post-treatment

From: How do we improve men’s mental health via primary care? An evaluation of the Atlas Men’s Well-being Pilot Programme for stressed/distressed men

  Pre-treatment Post-treatment p-value* Effect size (r)
Median score (interquartile range) Median score (interquartile range)
HADS – anxious mood
(range 0–21 higher score = worse)
13.0 (9.0–15.3) 9.0 (8.0–12.0) <0.001 0.38
HADS – depressed mood
(range 0–21 higher score = worse)
9.0 (6.0–11.0) 9.0 (6.0–11.0) 0.660 0.03
PSS
(range 0–40 higher score = worse)
24.0 (21.0–28.3) 19.0 (12.0–24.0) <0.001 0.36
PSYCHLOPS
(range 0–20 higher score = worse)
16.0 (14.0–17.0) 8.0 (5.0–13.0) <0.001 0.57
WEMWBS
(range 7–35 higher score = better)
20.0 (16.0–23.0) 25.0 (20.0–28.0) <0.001 0.40
Physical health
(range 0–10 higher score = better)
7.0 (5.0–7.0) 7.0 (5.0–8.0) 0.001 0.25
  1. *Calculated using a Wilcoxon Signed Rank test
  2. HADS hospital anxiety and depression scale, PSS perceived stress scale, PSYCHLOPS psychological outcome profiles, WEMWBS Warwick and Edinburgh well-being scale