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Table 2 Respondent knowledge of smoking, smoking cessation and the impact of smoking and smoking cessation in older age

From: Treating tobacco dependence in older adults: a survey of primary care clinicians’ knowledge, attitudes, and practice

Statement All responses n = (%) Professional Group [n = (%)] Training Attendance [n = (%)]
Medical Non-medical Statistic X2 (df = 1) Sig p= Training No Training Statistic X2 (df = 1) Sig p=
Approximately 20 % of the UK adult population smokes. (True) Correct 79 (46.1) 43 (54.4) 36 (39.1) 4.00 0.048 48 (45.3) 31 (48.4) 0.16 0.752
Incorrect 92 (53.9) 36 (45.6) 56 (60.9) 58 (54.7) 33 (51.6)
Approximately 10 % of adults over the age of 65 smokes. (True) Correct 23 (13.5) 10 (12.7) 13 (14.1) 0.07 0.825 11 (10.4) 12 (18.7) 2.39 0.164
Incorrect 148 (86.5) 69 (87.3) 79 (85.9) 95 (89.6) 52 (81.3
Approximately 10 life years are lost on average to smoking related disease. (True) Correct 80 (46.8) 51 (64.5) 29 (31.5) 18.63 <0.001 48 (45.3) 31 (48.4) 0.16 0.752
Incorrect 91 (53.2) 28 (35.5) 63 (68.5) 58 (54.7) 33 (51.6)
Smoking can reduce the effectiveness of certain medications that are prescribed for conditions which are common in later life. (True) Correct 101 (59.1) 51 (64.5) 50 (54.3) 1.83 0.213 63 (59.4) 37 (57.8) 0.04 0.873
Incorrect 70 (40.1) 28 (35.5) 42 (45.7) 43 (40.6) 27 (42.2)
Smoking can delay wound healing in older people. (True) Correct 153 (89.4) 73 (92.4) 80 (86.6) 1.34 0.320 94 (88.7) 58 (90.6) 0.16 0.800
Incorrect 18 (10.6) 6 (7.6) 12 (13.4) 12 (11.3) 6 (9.4)
The risk of an older person having a heart attack or stroke increases within 24 h of stopping smoking. (False) Correct 148 (86.5) 73 (92.4) 75 (81.5) 4.33 0.044 92 (86.7) 55 (85.9) 0.02 1.000
Incorrect 23 (13.5) 6 (7.6) 17 (18.5) 14 (13.3) 9 (14.1)
Smoking can speed cognitive decline in older people. (True) Correct 129 (75.4) 75 (94.9) 54 (58.7) 30.13 <0.001 77 (72.6) 51 (79.7) 1.06 0.361
Incorrect 42 (24.6) 4 (5.1) 38 (41.3) 29 (27.4) 13 (20.3)
Smoking does not generally stop the progression of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). (False) Correct 135 (78.9) 67 (84.8) 68 (73.9) 3.08 0.093 89 (83.9) 45 (70.3) 4.45 0.052
Incorrect 36 (21.1) 12 (15.2) 24 (26.1) 17 (16.1) 19 (29.7)
Smoking can cause serious complications in older people with diabetes. (True) Correct 162 (94.7) 78 (98.7) 84 (91.3) 4.71 0.030 99 (93.4) 62 (96.9) 0.96 0.486
Incorrect 9 (5.3) 1 (1.3) 8 (8.7) 7 (6.6) 2 (3.1)
Older smokers are less likely to want to quit smoking than younger smokers. (False) Correct 93(54.4) 51 (64.5) 42 (45.6) 6.12 0.014 62 (58.5) 31 (48.4) 1.63 0.202
Incorrect 78 (45.6) 28 (35.5) 50 (54.4) 44 (41.5) 33 (51.6)
Brief smoking cessation advice is less effective than more intensive advice in helping older people to stop smoking. (False) Correct 133 (77.8) 62 (79.7) 70 (76.1) 0.33 0.586 84 (79.2) 49 (76.6) 0.17 0.704
Incorrect 38 (22.2) 16 (20.3) 22 (23.9) 22 (20.8) 15 (23.4)