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Table 2 Difference in reports of doctor-patient communication (scale 0-100) among survey respondents from single-handed practices (Model 1) Ɨ

From: Does the availability of a South Asian language in practices improve reports of doctor-patient communication from South Asian patients? Cross sectional analysis of a national patient survey in English general practices

   Mean Score (0-100) Survey respondents Score Difference* P-value
Variable category   (n) (%) Difference (SE)  
Gender       <0.0001
  Male 90.4 83,446 44.8 Reference  
  Female 89.8 102,833 55.2 -0.6 (-0.8, -0.4)  
Age       <0.0001
  18 to 24 80.6 9,589 5.2 -9.9 (-10.4, -9.4)  
  25 to 34 81.3 22,429 12.1 -9.1 (-9.5, -8.7)  
  35 to 44 85.6 28,084 15.1 -4.8 (-5.1, -4.4)  
  45 to 54 88.1 32,391 17.4 -2.3 (-2.7, -2.0)  
  55 to 64 90.4 36,381 19.6 Reference  
  65 to 74 93.5 31,784 17.1 3.1 (2.7, 3.4)  
  75 to 84 94.5 19,533 10.5 4.1 (3.7, 4.5)  
  85+ 93.7 5,624 3.0 3.3 (2.6, 4.0)  
Ethnicity       <0.0001
White White British 90.4 131,570 70.4 Reference  
  Irish 91.0 3,024 1.6 0.6 (-0.2, 1.4)  
  Any other White background 87.0 10,989 5.9 -3.4 (-3.8, -2.9)  
Mixed White and Black Caribbean 90.1 504 0.3 -0.3 (-2.3, 1.6)  
  White and Black African 91.6 427 0.2 1.2 (-1.0, 3.4)  
  White and Asian 87.8 473 0.3 -2.6 (-4.6, -0.6)  
  Any other Mixed background 87.7 723 0.4 -2.7 (-4.4, -1.0)  
South Asian Indian 88.5 9,513 5.1 -1.9 (-2.5, -1.4)  
  Pakistani 88.5 4,991 2.7 -1.9 (-2.6, -1.2)  
  Bangladeshi 87.5 1,373 0.7 -2.9 (-4.2, -1.6)  
  Any other Asian background 89.2 4,703 2.5 -1.2 (-1.9, -0.6)  
Black Black Caribbean 90.1 3,647 2.0 -0.4 (-1.2, 0.4)  
  Black African 91.1 4,989 2.7 0.6 (-0.1, 1.3)  
  Any other Black background 91.5 1,412 0.8 1.1 (-0.2, 2.3)  
Chinese Chinese 85.3 1,152 0.6 -5.1 (-6.4, -3.9)  
Other ethnic group Any other ethnic group 88.3 7,447 4.0 -2.1 (-2.7, -1.6)  
Deprivation       0.4394
  “1” (least deprived) 90.4 16,794 8.8 Reference  
  “2” 90.2 26,892 14.1 -0.3 (-0.7, 0.2)  
  “3” 90.0 36,565 19.2 -0.4 (-0.9, 0.1)  
  “4” 90.1 48,316 25.4 -0.3 (-0.8, 0.2)  
  “5” (most deprived) 90.3 62,015 32.5 -0.2 (-0.6, 0.3)  
Self-reported health status       <0.0001
  Excellent 90.4 15,425 8.4 Reference  
  Very good 86.2 49,775 27.0 -4.2 (-4.6, -3.8)  
  Good 82.4 65,486 35.5 -8.0 (-8.4, -7.6)  
  Fair 80.4 40,006 21.7 -10.0 (-10.5, -9.6)  
  Poor 79.6 13,910 7.5 -10.8 (-11.3, -10.3)  
Long-standing psychological or emotional condition      0.0102
  No 90.4 10,611 6.3 Reference  
  Yes 91.0 157,442 93.7 0.6 (0.1, 1.0)  
  1. *Coefficients were also adjusted for a random effect for practice.
  2. ƗExcluding the effects of a respondent being seen in a practice where a concordant language was available (model 1).
  3. -Models carried out with Stata xtmixed procedure (fit model via maximum likelihood, ml), without robust standard errors.