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Table 1 NHS Choices language dataset for England

From: Does the availability of a South Asian language in practices improve reports of doctor-patient communication from South Asian patients? Cross sectional analysis of a national patient survey in English general practices

Ethnic group (Assigned language set)Ɨ Language (NHS Choices dataset) Number of single and multi-doctor practices offering % of all English practices offeringƗƗ Number of single-doctor practices offering % of single-doctor practices offeringƗƗƗ
Bangladeshi   229 2.73 31 2.96
  Bengali 221 2.64 31 2.96
  Bangladeshi 8 0.10 0 0.00
Pakistani   890 10.61 152 14.50
  Urdu 752 8.97 135 12.88
  Punjabi or Panajabi* 613 7.31 96 9.16
  Mirpuri 18 0.21 5 0.48
  Sindhi 14 0.17 1 0.10
  Pushto or Pashto* 15 0.18 6 0.57
  Kashmiri 9 0.11 4 0.38
Indian   1086 12.95 206 19.66
  Hindi 884 10.54 174 16.60
  Punjabi or Panajabi** 454 5.41 73 6.97
  Gujarati 303 3.61 55 5.25
  Tamil 222 2.65 36 3.44
  Malayalam 52 0.62 9 0.86
  Marathi 46 0.55 7 0.67
  Kannada 44 0.52 8 0.76
  Telugu 44 0.52 6 0.57
  Assamese 8 0.10 1 0.10
  Oriya 4 0.05 1 0.10
Total number of practices offering a South Asian language (i.e., Bangladeshi, Pakistani, Indian) 1,354 16.14 236 22.52
  1. ƗLanguages were categorised by ethnic group after (a) reviewing literature on common languages spoken in the UK by South Asians, and (b) reviewing common languages spoken in the origin country (Bangladesh, Pakistan and India) using data from the World Factbook 2013-14 (https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/fields/2098.html).
  2. ƗƗTotal practice in England = 8,387.
  3. ƗƗƗTotal single-handed practices in our analysis = 1,048.
  4. *This language was assigned to the Pakistani ethnic group, since majority of the doctors offering it also spoke another Pakistani language.
  5. **Punjabi or Panajabi was also present alongside another Indian language.