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Table 1 Characteristics of patient population and physician by practice models

From: Quality of asthma care under different primary care models in Canada: a population-based study

  Overall Fee-for-service Blended fee-for-service Blended capitation
  Number % Number % Number % Number %
2006         
Patient characteristics         
 Number of asthma patients 1675282   292222 17.4 1089808 65.1 293252 17.5
 Female 890927 53.2 143906 49.2 585260 53.7 161761 55.2
 Age groups (years)         
  0-4 96542 5.8 33587 11.5 50034 4.6 12921 4.4
  5-14 368576 22.0 76955 26.3 232332 21.3 59289 20.2
  15-64 1016084 60.7 151812 52.0 680563 62.4 183709 62.6
  65+ 194080 11.6 29868 10.2 126879 11.6 37333 12.7
  Means ± SD 32.8 ± 22.8 28.9 ± 23.3 33.5 ± 22.6 34.2 ± 22.9
 SES by income quintiles         
  Quintile 1 - Low 336646 20.1 67381 23.1 213563 19.6 55702 19.0
  Quintile 2 335756 20.0 59583 20.4 217530 20.0 58643 20.0
  Quintile 3 335221 20.0 55365 18.9 222161 20.4 57695 19.7
  Quintile 4 336365 20.1 54480 18.6 220976 20.3 60909 20.8
  Quintile 5 - High 325477 19.4 54038 18.5 212220 19.5 59219 20.2
  Missing 5817 0.3 1375 0.5 3358 0.3 1084 0.4
 Rural residence 174688 10.4 24219 8.3 90771 8.3 59698 20.4
Physician characteristics         
 Number of physicians 11700   5526 47.2 4603 39.3 1571 13.4
 Female 4105 35.1 1816 32.9 1710 37.1 579 36.9
 Mean age ± SD 49.6 ± 12.4 50.8 ± 14.4 48.9 ± 10.4 47.8 ± 9.9
 Mean years in practice ± SD 23.7 ± 11.9 24.7 ± 13.2 23.3 ± 10.7 21.9 ± 10.3
 Trained in Canada 8154 69.7 3444 62.3 3371 73.2 1339 85.2
 Number of asthma patients on roster         
  ≤200 2570 22.0 1792 32.4 570 12.4 208 13.2
  201-375 2983 25.5 1114 20.2 1352 29.4 517 32.9
  ≥376 6147 52.5 2620 47.4 2681 58.2 846 53.9
2010         
Patient characteristics         
 Number of asthma patients 1813922   190656 10.5 844836 46.6 778430 42.9
 Female 961173 53.0 90427 47.4 443166 52.5 427580 54.9
 Age groups (years)         
  0-4 77534 4.3 20852 10.9 33098 3.9 23584 3.0
  5-14 322417 17.8 48422 25.4 152475 18.0 121520 15.6
  15-64 1193641 65.8 102771 53.9 559602 66.2 531268 68.2
  65+ 220330 12.1 18611 9.8 99661 11.8 102058 13.1
  Means ± SD 34.5 ± 22.5 28.6 ± 23.1 34.5 ± 22.3 35.9 ± 22.4
 SES by income quintiles         
  Quintile 1 - low 347895 19.2 41894 22.0 169429 20.1 136572 17.5
  Quintile 2 356347 19.6 37922 19.9 171875 20.3 146550 18.8
  Quintile 3 365799 20.2 36844 19.3 176756 20.9 152199 19.6
  Quintile 4 380224 21.0 37315 19.6 175459 20.8 167450 21.5
  Quintile 5 - high 357418 19.7 35785 18.8 148943 17.6 172690 22.2
  Missing 6239 0.3 896 0.5 2374 0.3 2969 0.4
 Rural residence 181703 10.0 12740 6.7 41459 4.9 127504 16.4
Physician characteristics         
 Number of Physicians 12418   5112 41.2 3487 28.1 3819 30.8
 Female 4854 39.1 1886 36.9 1377 39.5 1591 41.7
 Mean age ± SD 50.6 ± 12.5 51.2 ± 14.4 51.3 ± 11.3 49.2 ± 10.6
 Mean years in practice ± SD 24.7 ± 12.4 25.1 ± 13.7 25.6 ± 11.6 23.2 ± 11.2
 Trained in Canada 8679 69.9 3305 64.7 2187 62.7 3187 83.5
 Number of asthma patients on roster         
  ≤200 2695 21.7 1516 29.7 576 16.5 603 15.8
  201-375 3451 27.8 1043 20.4 963 27.6 1445 37.8
  ≥376 6272 50.5 2553 49.9 1948 55.9 1771 46.4