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Table 2 Percent distribution of modifiable risk factors present in men and women

From: Modifiable risk factors associated with prediabetes in men and women: a cross-sectional analysis of the cohort study in primary health care on the evolution of patients with prediabetes (PREDAPS-Study)

Risk factors Men Women
With prediabetes Without glucose metabolism disorders p -value With prediabetes Without glucose metabolism disorders p -value
N = 595 N = 388   N = 589 N = 450  
Smoking habit       
 Current smoker 18.7 24.7 0.003 14.6 20.2 0.580
Alcohol consumption       
 Risky drinker 34.1 31.2 0.015 12.7 12.9 0.469
Physical activity       
 WHO recommendations not followed 38.4 37.4 0.788 51.2 49.6 0.617
Diet       
 Incomplete or absent breakfast 16.3 15.7 0.859 10.9 8.0 0.137
 Non-daily fruit consumption 26.6 25.8 0.824 17.7 20.0 0.377
 Non-daily vegetable consumption 49.6 52.1 0.473 36.7 37.1 0.897
 Fish consumed <3 times per week 57.6 61.1 0.289 52.8 54.9 0.530
 Legumes consumed <3 times per week 64.4 68.0 0.243 69.1 70.2 0.734
Blood pressure       
 Hypertension* 72.3 51.3 <0.001 61.6 44.2 <0.001
Lipids       
 Hypercholesterolemia 11.3 12.9 0.481 16.6 14.7 0.440
 Hypertriglyceridemia 14.6 10.4 0.064 10.9 6.2 0.011
 Low HDL-Cholesterol§ 20.4 12.2 0.001 28.3 18.9 0.001
Obesity       
 General obesity|| 42.4 23.2 <0.001 43.6 25.1 <0.001
 Abdominal obesity 59.4 33.0 <0.001 75.2 52.2 <0.001
  1. Data are showed in percentages.
  2. *Hypertension: mean systolic pressure ≥140 mmHg, or mean diastolic pressure ≥90 mmHg, or being under treatment with antihypertensive drugs, or a personal history of arterial hypertension.
  3. Hypercholesterolemia: plasma total cholesterol ≥250 mg/dl.
  4. Hypertriglyceridemia: plasma triglycerides ≥200 mg/dl.
  5. §Low HDL-Cholesterol: plasma High-Density Lipoprotein cholesterol <40 mg/dl in men, and <50 mg/dl in women.
  6. ||General obesity: Body Mass Index ≥30 kg/m2.
  7. Abdominal obesity: waist circumference ≥102 cm in men, and ≥88 cm in women.