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Table 4 RCT outcomes

From: Multidisciplinary care planning in the primary care management of completed stroke: a systematic review

Study Patient group Outcome measure Estimate of treatment effect (Intervention/Control) Result (P values if ≤ 0.05, or reported 95% CIsa)
1. Function     
Askim Stroke patients discharged to rural areas Independent at   
   6 wks 51.6/51.6% NSb
   12 months 39.0/52.0% NS
Fagerberg Stroke patients requiring hospitalisation    
   Barthel Index   
      Baseline 44/42 NS
      3 wks 71/67 NS
      3 mo 80/79 NS
      12 mo 82/76 NS
   At home   
      3 wks 46/44"% NS
      3 mo 68/61% NS
      12 mo 61/59% NS
Trondheim Study Ingeberg Early discharge from stroke unit vs normal care % at home   
      post initial admission 64.4/45.6% P 0.001
      6 wks 74.4/55.6% P 0.0004
      26 wks 78.8/73.2% P 0.239
      52 wks 75/68.8% P 0.265
   Independent at   
   26 wks 65/51.9% P 0.017
    Rankin Scale <2 ORc 1.72 (1.10–2.70)
    Barthel Index <95 1.54 (0.99–2.39)\
   52 wks Rankin Scale <2 OR 1.56 (1.02–2.44)
    56.4/44%  
2. Mortality     
Fagerberg Stroke patients requiring hospitalsation 3 wks 9/10% NS
   3 mo 13/16% NS
   12 mo 27/23% NS
Trondheim Early discharge from stroke unit vs normal care 6 wks 2.5/4/4% NS
   26 wks 8.1/9.4% NS
   52 wks 13.1/16.3 NS
3. Quality of Life     
Askim Stroke patients discharged to rural areas Nottingham Health Profile   
   Seven subscales   
   6 weeks   NS
   26 weeks Social isolation subscale 0.046
    Others (6 subscales) NS
   52 weeks   NS
   Caregiver Strain 'Index   
   6 weeks   NS
   26 weeks   NS
   52 weeks   NS
Trondheim Early discharge from stroke unit vs normal care Global Nottingham Profile   
   52 wks   
      Part 1 81.6/78.9 (median) 0.048
      Part 2 84.3/79.4 0.073
   Caregiver Strain index   
   52 wks Trend favours intervention 0.076
3. Service utilisation     
Trondheim Early discharge from stroke unit vs normal care Days as inpatient 52 wks 18.6/31.1 0.032
  1. a CI Confidence Interval
  2. b NS not significant
  3. c OR Odds Ratio