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Table 2 Clinical Characteristics of DM Patients in Al-Ain District, UAE, 2003–2004 (n = 513)

From: Prevalence of risk factors for diabetic foot complications

  n Percent (95% CI)
Type of DM   
Type 1 68 13.6 (10.6–16.6)
Type 2 431 86.4 (83.4–89.4)
Mode of Diagnosis   
Incidental 245 48.5 (44.1–52.9)
Screening 39 7.7 (5.4–10.0)
Symptomatic 221 43.8 (39.5–48.1)
Family History of DM   
Present 270 54.3 (49.9–58.7)
Absent 227 45.7(41.3–50.1)
Duration of the Disease   
< 1 year 33 6.6 (4.4–8.8)
1–5 years 199 40.0 (35.7–44.3)
6–10 years 161 32.3 (28.2–36.4)
11–20 years 98 19.7 (16.2–23.4)
>21 years 7 1.4 (0.4–2.4)
Hypertension   
Present 178 34.9 (30.0–38.8)
Absent 332 65.1(61.0–69.2)
Total Cholesterol   
High (>5.60 mmol/L) 152 34.4 (30.0–38.8)
Normal (≤ 5.60 mmol/L) 290 65.5(61.1–69.9)
Triglycerides   
High (>2.10 mmol/L) 105 23.9 (19.9–27.9)
Normal (≤ 2.10 mmol/L) 334 76.1(72.1–80.1)
HDL   
High (≥ 0.91 mmol/L) 104 74.3 (67.1–81.5)
Low (<0.91 mmol/L) 36 25.7 (18.5–32.9)
LDL   
High (>3.4 mmol/L) 70 53.4(44.9–61.9)
Normal (≤ 3.4 mmol/L) 61 46.6(38.1–55.1)
Microalbuminuria   
Present (>20 μg/min) 276 61.2 (56.7–65.7)
Absent (<20 μg/min) 175 38.8 (34.3–43.3)
HBA 1 c   
Good control (<7%) 150 37.6(32.8–42.4)
Poor control (>7%) 246 62.4(57.6–67.2)
Peripheral Neuropathy   
Present 199 39(35.1–43.7)
Absent 306 61(56.3–64.9)
Peripheral Vascular Disease   
Present 59 12(8.8–14.4)
Absent 451 88(85.6–91.2)