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Table 3 The different syndromes of the chest wall syndrome

From: Chest wall syndrome among primary care patients: a cohort study

Thoracic sites1 and the 195 individual CWS (%)
Individual CWS right middle Left Synonyms and references
Upper sternalis s.    a (2.6)     
Sternalis s.    b (14.4)     8,17
Xiphoidalgia    c (3.1)    xiphoidal, xiphodynia 6,8,11
Pectoralis s. 1 (3.1)    1 (20.5) algia pectoralis 15,17
Axillary s. 2 (2.6)    2 (6.2) laterothoracic s.  
Chondrocostal s. 3 (6.2)    3 (35.8) costochondral, costochondritis, sternocostal or costosternal or Tietze's. if swelling 8,9,14
   upper (C 2–3)   (1.0)     (8.7)   
   mid (C 4–6)   (2.1)     (19.0)   
   lower (C 7–9)   (3.1)     (8.2)   
Rib Tip s. 4 (2.6)    4 (3.1) Lower rib, slipping rib, slipping cartilage, clicking rib, Cyriax's 10,12
total   (14.5)   (20.0)   (65.5)   
  1. Numbers indicate the percentage of the 195 patients with an isolated syndrome. The most frequent syndromes are chondrocostal syndromes, particulary the mid chondrocostal, pectoralis and sternalis syndromes. Note the prevalence of left-sided syndromes
  2. 1 Sites are shown on Figure 1