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Table 1 Influence of associated conditions on the clinical manifestation of CWS

From: Chest wall syndrome among primary care patients: a cohort study

Associated conditions n (%) Characteristics versus the other cases of CWS *
Long lasting cough or dyspnea 31 (10) Mostly a recent complaint More frequently right-sided pain (26 vs 11%)
Anxiety 20 (7) Lower mean age (43 vs 51 year) Constrictive pain (55 vs 23%) Initiated by an anxious mood (40 vs 11%)
Fibromyalgia 10 (3) 9 of 10 being female Wide spread pain; frequent irradiation
After thoracotomy 8 (3) Long duration and recurrent CWS
Rheumatic disorder 8 (3) Cyphosis, osteoporosis (3), spondylarthritis (2), arthritis (2), radiotherapy (1)
Spine disorder 8 (3) Unilateral pain without tender point, spine disorder
  1. * all differences significative at p < 0.05