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Table 2 Risk factor recognition and treatment by gender and presence of CHD diagnosis before AMI

From: The gender specific frequency of risk factor and CHD diagnoses prior to incident MI: A community study

    CHD Diagnosis Prior to AMI No CHD Diagnosis Prior to AMI
  Male N = 148 Female N = 150 Male N = 45 Female N = 78 Male N = 103 Female N = 72
Lipids       
   Evaluated before MI 122 (82%) 138 (92%) 41 (91%) 76 (97%) 81 (79%) 62 (86%)
   Abnormal before MI 103 (70%) 116 (77%) 40 (89%) 69 (88%) 63 (61%) 47 (65%)
   Diagnosed before MI 75 (51%) 88 (59%) 33 (73%) 54 (69%) 42 (41%) 34 (47%)
Treated: Percent is of those with diagnosed hyperlipidemia       
   Diet/exercise only 42 (56%) 41 (47%) 14 (42%) 21 (39%) 29 (69%) 19 (56%)
   Statins 18 (24%) 13 (15%) 11 (33%) 12 (22%) 8 (19%) 2 (6%)
   Resins, fibrates, niacin 4 (5%) 19 (22%) 3 (9%) 13 (24%) 1 (2%) 6 (18%)
Blood pressure       
   Evaluated before MI 148 (100%) 150 (100%) 45 (100%) 78 (100%) 103 (100%) 72 (100%)
   Abnormal before MI 88 (59%) 130 (87%) 41 (91%) 74 (95%) 47 (46%) 56 (78%)
   Diagnosed before MI 67 (45%) 115 (77%) 39 (87%) 73 (94%) 28 (28%) 42 (58%)
Treated: Percent is of those with diagnosed hypertension 61 (91%) 105 (91%) 37 (95%) 69 (95%) 24 (86%) 36 (86%)
Smoking       
   Evaluated before MI 139 (94%) 149 (99%) 43 (96%) 77 (99%) 96 (93%) 72 (100%)
   Smoked ever 106 (72%) 70 (47%) 33 (73%) 30 (38%) 73 (71%) 40 (56%)
   Active smoker (5 yrs before AMI) 47 (32%) 36 (24%) 7 (16%) 9 (12%) 40 (39%) 27 (38%)
Treated: Percent is of those with active smoking 5 years prior to AMI       
   Counseling only 8 (17%) 13 (36%) 1 (14%) 4 (44%) 7 (18%) 9 (33%)
   NRT 17 (36%) 12 (33%) 5 (71%) 3 (33%) 12 (30%) 9 (33%)
   Other 5 (11%) 4 (11%) 0 (0%) 1 (11%) 5 (13%) 3 (11%)
   None 17 (11%) 7 (5%) 1 (2%) 1 (1%) 16 (16%) 6 (8%)
Glucose       
   Evaluated before MI 127 (86%) 147 (98%) 45 (100%) 78 (100%) 82 (80%) 69 (96%)
   Abnormal before MI 57 (39%) 91 (61%) 35 (78%) 55 (71%) 22 (21%) 36 (50%)
   DM diagnosed 25 (17%) 44 (29%) 14 (31%) 26 (33%) 11 (11%) 18 (25%)
Treated: Percent is of those with diagnosed diabetes       
   Diet/exercise only 5(20%) 10 (23%) 4 (29%) 7 (27%) 1 (9%) 3 (17%)
   Oral hypoglycemics 12 (48%) 11 (25%) 5 (36%) 6 (23%) 7 (64%) 5 (28%)
   Insulin 3 (12%) 12 (27%) 1 (7%) 5 (19%) 2 (18%) 7 (39%)
   None 6 11 4 8 2 3
  (24%) (25%) (29%) (31%) (18%) (17%)
Family History       
   Evaluated before MI 145 (98%) 148 (99%) 45 (100%) 77 (99%) 100 (97%) 71 (99%)
   Positive history 99 (67%) 118 (79%) 30 (67%) 67 (86%) 69 (67%) 51 (71%)