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Table 2 Relationship between Literacy* and Physiologic Control in 1,002 Adults with Diabetes

From: Literacy and health outcomes: a cross-sectional study in 1002 adults with diabetes

Physiologic parameter Unadjusted Adjusted
  Coefficient (95% CI) P Coefficient (95% CI) P
A1C (%/point) +0.002 (-0.006, +0.010) .65 -0.001 (-0.012, +0.014) .88
LDL (mg/dl/point) +0.196 (-0.018, +0.410) .07 +0.445 (-0.267, +0.356) .78
SBP(mmHg/point) -0.060 (-0.187, +0.068) .36 + 0.079 (-0.103, +0.262) .39
DBP(mmHg/point) + 0.140 (+0.073, +0.208) <0.001 -0.026 (-0.118, +0.067) .59
  1. *STOFHLA score (assessment of literacy) examined as a continuous measure from 0–36; score was assigned 0 if the subject could not read due to poor vision or other impairment.
  2. Adjusted for age, sex, race, marital status, insurance, income, duration of diabetes, diabetes education, depression, alcohol use, and medication use specific to each outcome.