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Table 1 Mean number of contacts with general practice in 2008 for persons without a chronic disease, with one chronic disease, and with multimorbidity

From: Multimorbidity of chronic diseases and health care utilization in general practice

   No chronic disease One chronic disease Multimorbidity P-value for linear trend
Total contacts (sd) 1 N = 14341 N = 9896 N = 8346  
Sex Male 5.3 (6.3) 11.2 (9.3) 19.0 (14.1)  
  Female 6.9 (7.4) 12.9 (10.2) 21.8 (15.5)  
Age 55 - 64 yrs 5.0 (5.8) 10.1 (8.3) 16.7 (12.8)  
  65 – 74 yrs 6.5 (6.8) 12.3 (9.5) 19.6 (14.9)  
  > = 75 yrs 10.2 (9.9) 15.8 (11.8) 24.0 (15.6)  
Total contacts (95% CI) 2,3   6.1 (5.6 6.6) 11.7 (10.8 12.6) 18.3 (16.8 19.9) <0.001
Type of contacts (95% CI) 2     
Face-to-face consultations GP4 2.3 (2.2 2.4) 3.6 (3.4 3.9) 4.8 (4.5 5.1) <0.001
  PN4 0.1 (0.1 0.3) 0.5 (0.4 0.7) 0.7 (0.5 1.0) <0.001
Phone consultations GP 0.5 (0.4 0.6) 0.8 (0.7 1.0) 1.4 (1.2 1.8) <0.001
  PN 0.1 (0.0 0.2) 0.2 (0.1 0.4) 0.4 (0.3 0.7) <0.001
Home visits GP 0.1 (0.1 0.1) 0.3 (0.3 0.4) 0.7 (0.6 0.9) <0.001
  PN 0.0 (0.0 0.0) 0.0 (0.0 0.0) 0.1 (0.0 0.1) <0.001
Type of intervention (95% CI) 2     
Diagnostics and minor surgery 0.1 (0.1 0.2) 0.3 (0.2 0.3) 0.4 (0.4 0.5) <0.001
Prescribing medication 2.8 (2.5 3.2) 5.8 (5.1 6.6) 9.3 (8.1 10.6) <0.001
Prescriptions 2,5 N = 11366 N = 7962 N = 7008  
Patiënts with prescriptions (N, %) 8005 (70.4%) 7396 (92.9%) 6897 (98.4%)  
Mean number of prescriptions 6.8 (6.1 7.7) 15.3 (13.8 16.9) 27.5 (24.9 30.5) <0.001
Referrals 2,.6 N = 10341 N = 7219 N = 6198  
Referred patiënts (N, %) 1549 (15.0%) 1822 (25.2%) 2230 (36.0%)  
Mean number of referrals 0.2 (0.2 0.2) 0.3 (0.3 0.3) 0.5 (0.4 0.5) <0.001
  1. 1Crude means and sd’s.
  2. 2Adjusted for sex, age and clustering of patients in general practices.
  3. 3Total contacts consist of face-to-face consultations, telephone contacts, home visits, diagnostics and minor surgery, and contacts for prescribing medication.
  4. 4GP = general practitioner, PN = practice nurse.
  5. 5Among 29 general practices.
  6. 6Among 26 general practices.