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Table 4 Factors associated with multimorbidity by sex and age groups

From: Impact of multimorbidity: acute morbidity, area of residency and use of health services across the life span in a region of south Europe

Female
  19-24 25-44 45-64 65-79 80+
  OR 95% CI P-value OR 95% CI P-value OR 95% CI P-value OR 95% CI P-value OR 95% CI P-value
Number of acute diseases(ref.0)    0.030    <0.001    <0.001    <0.001    <0.001
1 0.94 0.89-0.99   0.88 0.86-0.90   0.82 0.80-0.84   0.98 0.92-1.03   1.16 1.05-1.28  
2 0.95 0.89-1.01   0.86 0.83-0.88   0.76 0.73-0.78   1.05 0.96-1.15   1.54 1.31-1.80  
≥3 1.02 0.95-1.09   0.89 0.87-0.92   0.78 0.75-0.81   1.29 1.14-1.46   1.99 1.59-2.47  
Rural area (ref. urban) 0.94 0.89-0.99 0.025 0.94 0.92-0.96 <0.001 0.80 0.78-0.82 <0.001 0.69 0.65-0.73 <0.001 0.76 0.70-0.83 <0.001
Number of visits (ref. 0)    <0.001    <0.001    <0.001    <0.001    <0.001
1-2 2.09 1.93-2.26   2.34 2.28-2.14   3.40 3.30-3.51   3.62 3.38-3.87   3.41 3.08-3.78  
3-5 3.52 3.25-3.80   4.04 3.93-4.15   7.54 7.31-7.77   10.18 9.54-10.86   8.36 7.55-9.27  
6-10 5.69 5.25-6.17   7.11 6.91-7.32   16.28 15.76-16.81   25.98 24.28-27.80   18.86 16.99-20.94  
≥11 9.93 9.09-10.85   14.52 14.05-14.99   43.03 41.39-44.73   90.81 83.74-98.48   45.19 40.69-50.19  
Male
  19-24 25-44 45-64 65-79 80+
  OR 95% CI P-value OR 95% CI P-value OR 95% CI P-value OR 95% CI P-value OR 95% CI P-value
Number of acute diseases(ref.0)    <0.001    <0.001    <0.001    <0.001    0.590
1 0.78 0.73-0.83   0.71 0.70-0.73   0.67 0.65-0.69   0.84 0.80-0.89   1.07 0.95-1.21  
2 0.79 0.73-0.86   0.64 0.62-0.66   0.58 0.56-0.60   0.78 0.72-0.85   1.08 0.89-1.31  
≥3 0.76 0.69-0.83   0.60 0.58-0.62   0.55 0.52-0.57   0.86 0.77-0.97   1.12 0.88-1.42  
Rural area (ref. urban) 0.94 0.88-1.00 0.045 0.95 0.93-0.97 <0.001 0.87 0.85-0.89 <0.001 0.71 0.68-0.75 <0.001 0.79 0.71-0.88 <0.001
Number of visits (ref. 0)    <0.001    <0.001    <0.001    <0.001    <0.001
1-2 2.32 2.15-2.50   2.67 2.60-2.75   3.57 3.47-3.67   3.58 3.35-3.82   3.33 2.89-3.85  
3-5 3.93 3.64-4.25   5.18 5.04-5.33   8.20 7.97-8.43   9.66 9.06-10.30   8.62 7.50-9.92  
6-10 6.51 5.97-7.09   9.62 9.33-9.92   17.78 17.24-18.34   24.51 22.93-26.19   22.07 19.13-25.47  
≥11 10.86 9.82-12.01   20.58 19.86-21.32   45.13 43.43-46.90   76.41 70.68-82.60   51.32 44.49-59.19  
  1. Logistic regression.
  2. Abbreviations: OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval, ref. reference.