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Table 3 Frequency of follow-up investigations and prostate cancer diagnosis in screened men with an elevated PSA result by age and ethnicity

From: Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) screening and follow-up investigations in Māori and non-Māori men in New Zealand

  Māori Non-Māori
Referral (% of men with elevated PSA result) n/N (%) n/N (%)
40-69 years 9/19 (47.4%) 44/116 (37.9%)
70+ years 2/5 (40.0%) 11/28 (39.3%)
Total 11/24 (45.8%) 55/144 (38.2%)
Mantel-Haenszel adjusted RR [95% CI] 1.2 [0.74, 1.94]
Biopsy (% of referred men)   
40-69 years 6/9 (66.7%) 33/44 (75.0%)
70+ years 1/2 (50.0%) 4/11 (36.4%)
Total 7/11 (63.6%) 37/55 (67.3%)
Mantel-Haenszel adjusted RR [95% CI] 0.94 [0.58, 1.50]
Positive biopsy (% of men with biopsy)   
40-69 years 3/6 (50.0%) 19/33 (57.6%)
70+ years 1/1 (100%) 4/4 (100%)
Total 4/7 (57.1%) 23/37 (62.2%)
Mantel-Haenszel adjusted RR [95% CI] 0.90 [0.46, 1.73]