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Table 2 Prescription rates per type of medication 1,2 stratified for diagnosis and severity of telephone consultations

From: Drug prescription by telephone consultation in Danish out-of-hours primary care: a population-based study of frequency and associations with clinical severity and diagnosis

  Contacts without prescription N (%) Antibiotics N (%) Analgesics N (%) Medication in respiratory system N (%) Other prescriptions N (%) p-value3
Number of contacts (4,173 in total) 3,343 (80.1) 451 (10.8) 103 (2.5) 66 (1.6) 213 (5.1)  
Diagnosis groups       
- Symptoms (no disease diagnosis applied) (1,021) 916 (90.1) 22 (2.1) 40 (3.8) 6 (0.6) 38 (3.6) <0.001
- Infections (1,335) 908 (68.3) 367 (27.2) 8 (1.0) 14 (1.0) 40 (3.0)  
- Injuries (770) 712 (92.9) 23 (2.8) 22 (1.9) 4 (0.5) 9 (1.1)  
- Other diagnoses (1,047) 807 (79.0) 39 (3.5) 33 (2.9) 42 (3.6) 126 (11.0)  
Severity (missing = 211)       
- Severe/potentially severe (320) 300 (95.8) 12 (2.5) 5 (1.0) 1 (0.2) 2 (0.6) 0.185
- Not severe/not ill (3,642) 2,868 (78.7) 421 (11.6) 90 (2.5) 63 (1.7) 203 (5.6)  
New episode or chronic disease (missing = 279)       
- New episode (3,402) 2,736 (81.4) 391 (10.9) 71 (2.0) 52 (1.5) 154 (4.3) <0.001
- Exacerbation of chronic disease (492) 401 (82.4) 33 (6.4) 25 (4.8) 10 (1.9) 24 (4.6)  
  1. 1Prescriptions sums add up to more than the total number of contacts as some contacts resulted in more than one prescription.
  2. 2Prescription renewals excluded.
  3. 3Test of difference between contact groups involving prescription of medication (using Fishers exact for severity due to few observations).