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Table 2 GP clinical assessments and status of health, lifestyle risk factors, accessing to primary health care (PHC) and health self-management, adjusted for socio-demographic characteristics

From: Preventive care in general practice among healthy older New South Wales residents

Characteristics Clinical assessments
  Blood pressure   Cholesterol   Glucose
Demographics   % BP RR crude (95% CI) RR adj. (95% CI)* % BC RRcrude (95% CI) RR adj. (95% CI)* % BG RR crude (95% CI) RR adj. (95% CI)*
Gender Female (†) 90.3 1 1 71.1 1 1 66.1 1 1
  Male 90.9 1.01(1.00, 1.01) 1.00(1.00, 1.01) 78.0 1.10(1.08, 1.11) 1.09(1.08, 1.10) 74.3 1.12(1.11, 1.14) 1.12(1.11, 1.13)
Age group 45-59 (†) 87.2 1 1 67.7 1 1 63.4 1 1
  60-74- 93.9 1.08(1.07, 1.08) 1.08(1.07, 1.09) 80.2 1.19(1.17, 1.20) 1.17(1.16, 1.19) 75.4 1.19(1.17, 1.21) 1.17(1.16, 1.19)
Country of birth Australia (†) 91.1 1 1 73.9 1 1 .4 1 1
  Overseas 88.6 0.97(0.96, 0.98) 0.97(0.96, 0.98) 74.2 1.00(0.99, 1.02) 0.99(0.97, 1.00) 69.4 1.00(0.98, 1.02) 0.98(0.97, 1.00)
Rurality (ARIA+) Major City(†) 91.0 1   76.1 1 1 71.3 1 1
  Inner Regional 90.7 1.00(0.99,1.01) 0.99(0.99, 1.00) 72.6 0.95(0.94, 0.97) 0.96(0.95,0. 97) 68.4 0.96(0.94,0.98) 0.96(0.95,0. 98)
  Outer/Remote 90.4 0.99(0.98, 1.00) 0.99(0.98, 1.00) 72.3 0.95(0.93, 0.97) 0.95(0.94, 0.97) 68.3 0.96(0.94, 0.98) 0.96(0.94, 0.97)
Socioeconomic status           
Education Less than Year 10 92.5 1.04(1.03, 1.05) 1.02(1.01, 1.03) 78.6 1.12(1.09, 1.14) 1.08(1.05, 1.10) 73.6 1.12(1.09, 1.15) 1.08(1.05, 1.11)
  Year 10 91.9 1.03(1.02, 1.04) 1.01(1.00, 1.02) 76.0 1.08(1.06, 1.10) 1.06(1.04, 1.08) 71.5 1.09(1.07, 1.11) 1.08(1.06, 1.10)
  Year 12 90.3 1.01(1.00, 1.02) 1.01(1.00, 1.02) 75.4 1.07(1.05, 1.09) 1.04(1.02, 1.06) 71.5 1.09(1.07, 1.11) 1.05(1.03, 1.07)
  Certificate/diploma 91.0 1.02(1.01, 1.03) 1.02(1.01, 1.03) 74.1 1.05(1.03, 1.07) 1.05(1.03, 1.06) 69.7 1.06(1.04, 1.08) 1.06(1.04, 1.08)
  University (†) 89.1 1 1 70.4 1 1 65.6 1 1
Household income <$20,000 91.6 1.03(1.02, 1.04) 0.99(0.98, 1.00) 76.3 1.08(1.06, 1.10) 0.99(0.97, 1.01) 71.8 1.08(1.06, 1.11) 0.99(0.96, 1.01)
  $20,000-$39,999 92.0 1.03(1.02, 1.04) 0.99(0.99, 1.00) 76.6 1.08(1.06, 1.10) 0.99(0.97, 1.01) 72.0 1.09(1.06, 1.11) 0.99(0.97, 1.01)
  $40,000-$59,999 90.8 1.02(1.01, 1.03) 0.99(0.98, 1.00) 74.7 1.06(1.04, 1.08) 0.99(0.98, 1.01) 70.6 1.06(1.04, 1.09) 1.00(0.98, 1.02)
  $60,000-$79,999 90.4 1.01(1.00, 1.03) 1.00(0.99,1.01) 73.3 1.04(1.01, 1.06) 0.99(0.97, 1.01) 68.6 1.03(1.01, 1.06) 0.99(0.97, 1.01)
  $80,000+ (†) 89.1 1 1 70.8 1 1 66.4 1 1
Lifestyle risk factors           
Smoking status Current 85.9 0.95(0.93, 0.97) 0.96(0.94, 0.98) 65.4 0.88(0.86, 0.91) 0.89(0.86, 0.92) 61.3 0.89(0.86, 0.92) 0.89(0.86, 0.92)
  Ex-smoker 91.5 1.01(1.00, 1.02) 1.01(1.00, 1.01) 75.1 1.01(1.00, 1.03) 1.00(0.99, 1.01) 71.2 1.03(1.02, 1.04) 1.01(1.00, 1.02)
  Never smoked (†) 90.5 1 1 74.0 1 1 69.1 1 1
BMI Underweight 88.9 1.01(1.00, 1.03) 1.00(0.99, 1.02) 70.5 1.02(0.99, 1.04) 1.00(0.97, 1.03) 66.7 1.05(1.02, 1.08) 1.03(1.00, 1.06)
  Normal weight (†) 88.0 1 1 69.3 1 1 63.7 1 1
  Over weight 91.5 1.04(1.03, 1.05) 1.03(1.02, 1.04) 76.0 1.10(1.08, 1.11) 1.07(1.05, 1.08) 71.2 1.12(1.10, 1.14) 1.08(1.06, 1.10)
  Obese 93.8 1.07(1.06, 1.08) 1.05(1.04, 1.06) 78.7 1.14(1.12, 1.15) 1.11(1.09, 1.13) 76.4 1.20(1.18, 1.22) 1.17(1.15, 1.19)
Physical activity Sedentary 91.4 1.01(0.99, 1.03) 1.00(0.99, 1.02) 71.6 0.96(0.93, 1.00) 0.96(0.93, 0.99) 68.5 0.98(0.95, 1.02) 0.98(0.95, 1.02)
  Insufficient 89.8 0.99(0.98, 1.00) 0.99(0.99, 1.00) 72.8 0.98(0.96, 0.99) 0.98(0.96, 0.99) 68.9 0.99(0.97, 1.01) 0.99(0.97, 1.01)
  Sufficient (†) 90.8 1 1 74.4 1 1 69.6 1  
Adequate vegetable consumption # Yes (†) 90.6 1 1 73.9 1   69.4 1  
  No 84.4 0.93(0.86, 1.00) 0.93(0.87, 1.00) 69.3 0.94(0.83, 1.05) 0.91(0.81, 1.02) 64.3 0.93(0.81, 1.05) 0.90(0.79, 1.02)
Health status           
Anxiety Yes (†) 92.7 1.03(1.02, 1.04) 1.03(1.02, 1.04) 75.4 1.02(1.00, 1.04) 1.05(1.03, 1.06) 71.6 1.04(1.02, 1.06) 1.06(1.04, 1.08)
  No 90.3 1 1 73.7 1 1 69.1 1 1
Depression Yes (†) 92.6 1.03(1.02, 1.03) 1.03(1.03, 1.04) 74.3 1.01(0.99, 1.02) 1.03(1.01, 1.04) 70.0 1.01(0.99, 1.03) 1.04(1.02, 1.05)
  No 90.2 1 1 73.9 1   69.3 1  
High blood pressure Yes (†) 99.6 1.13(1.12, 1.13) 1.08(1.07, 1.09) 86.7 1.23(1.21, 1.24) 1.17(1.15, 1.18) 80.8 1.21(1.20, 1.23) 1.15(1.14, 1.17)
  No 88.4 1 1 70.8 1 1 66.6 1 1
High cholesterol Yes (†) 98.3 1.10(1.10, 1.11) 1.06(1.06, 1.07) 95.8 1.36(1.35, 1.37) 1.15(1.14, 1.16) 84.4 1.26(1.24, 1.28) 1.19(1.18, 1.21)
  No 89.3 1 1 70.4 1 1 67.0 1 1
Access to PHC           
Timing of visiting a particular doctor Same day (†) 90.4 1   74.2 1   70.6 1 1
  Next day 90.7 1.00(0.99, 1.01) 1.00(0.99, 1.01) 74.5 1.00(0.99, 1.02) 1.00(0.99, 1.02) 70.0 0.99(0.97, 1.01) 0.99(0.97, 1.01)
  2-3 days 91.2 1.01(1.00, 1.02) 1.01(1.00, 1.02) 74.6 1.01(0.99, 1.02) 1.02(1.00, 1.04) 69.6 0.99(0.97, 1.00) 1.00(0.98, 1.02)
  4-5 days 91.0 1.01(1.00, 1.02) 1.01(1.00, 1.02) 73.8 0.99(0.97, 1.02) 1.01(0.99, 1.03) 69.1 0.98(0.96, 1.00) 1.00(0.98, 1.02)
  More than 5 days 90.6 1.00(0.99, 1.01) 1.00(1.00, 1.01) 73.4 0.99(0.97, 1.01) 1.01(0.99, 1.03) 68.7 0.97(0.95, 0.99) 1.00(0.98, 1.02)
Timing of visiting any doctor Same day (†) 91.1 1 1 74.8 1 1 70.5 1 1
  Next day 90.9 1.00(0.99, 1.01) 1.00(0.99, 1.01) 74.0 0.99(0.97, 1.00) 0.99(0.98, 1.00) 69.1 0.98(0.96, 1.00) 0.98(0.96, 1.00)
  2-3 days 90.7 1.00(0.99, 1.01) 1.00(0.99, 1.00) 72.2 0.96(0.95, 0.98) 0.97(0.96, 0.99) 67.4 0.96(0.94, 0.98) 0.96(0.94, 0.98)
  4-5 days 89.5 0.98(0.97, 1.00) 0.98(0.97, 1.00) 73.0 0.98(0.95, 1.00) 0.98(0.95, 1.00) 68.8 0.98(0.95, 1.01) 0.98(0.95, 1.01)
  More than 5 days 89.0 0.98(0.96, 0.99) 0.98(0.96, 0.99) 72.9 0.97(0.95, 1.00) 0.97(0.94, 0.99) 68.4 0.97(0.94, 1.00) 0.96(0.93, 0.99)
Visiting GP urgently same day Yes (†) 91.6 1 1 75.3 1 1 70.9 1 1
  No 89.2 0.97(0.96, 0.98) 0.98(0.97, 0.99) 72.9 0.97(0.95, 0.98) 0.98(0.97,1.00) 68.2 0.96(0.94, 0.98) 0.98(0.96, 0.99)
Self-management           
Confidence in managing own health Yes (†) 90.5 1   73.4 1 1 68.8 1 1
  No 90.6 1.00(0.99, 1.01) 1.01(1.00, 1.01) 74.3 1.01(1.00, 1.02) 1.02(1.00, 1.03) 69.9 1.02(1.00, 1.03) 1.02(1.01, 1.03)
  1. † Reference category, *Adjusted for gender, age, remoteness, country of birth, education and household income. # Adequate = 5 portions or more per day.