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Table 3 Presentation of the 30 most common conditions (12 practices, 2458 consultations)

From: Patterns of disease presentation and management in Egyptian primary care: findings from a survey of 2458 primary care patient consultations

Condition Consultations Weighted Rural Urban p- value**
  n % percentage* n % n %  
Upper Respiratory Tract Infection 537 21.8 24.0 227 25.0 310 20.0 0.04
Gastroenteritis 227 9.2 9.5 87 9.6 140 9.0 0.66
Intestinal parasites 109 4.4 5.5 54 5.9 55 3.6 0.01
Lower Respiratory Tract Infection 128 5.2 5.4 50 5.5 78 5.0 0.61
Skin infection 102 4.1 4.8 46 5.1 56 3.6 0.08
Dermatitis 107 4.4 4.3 39 4.3 68 4.4 0.91
Anaemia 108 4.4 4.3 38 4.2 70 4.5 0.69
Hypertension 161 6.6 3.9 24 2.6 137 8.8 <0.005
Conjunctivitis 71 2.9 3.9 39 4.3 32 2.1 <0.005
Asthma 55 2.2 2.7 27 3.0 28 1.8 0.06
Urinary Tract Infection 46 1.9 2.7 28 3.1 18 1.2 <0.005
Diabetes 96 3.9 2.7 19 2.1 77 5.0 <0.005
Chickenpox 21 0.9 1.7 19 2.1 2 0.1 <0.005
Ear infection 63 2.6 1.6 11 1.2 52 3.4 <0.005
Irritable Bowel Syndrome 37 1.5 1.1 8 0.9 29 1.9 0.05
Osteoarthrosis 48 2.0 1.0 5 0.6 43 2.8 <0.005
Postural hypotension 26 1.1 0.7 4 0.4 22 1.4 0.02
Rheumatic fever/heart disease 24 1.0 0.7 5 0.6 19 1.2 0.1
Musculoskeletal disease-other 9 0.4 0.6 7 0.8 2 0.1 0.01
Throat symptom/ complaint 34 1.4 0.6 2 0.2 32 2.1 <0.005
Abnormal urine test, non-specified 9 0.4 0.6 6 0.7 3 0.2 0.07
Mouth/tongue/lip disease 14 0.6 0.6 5 0.6 9 0.6 0.92
Back syndrome/ pain 12 0.5 0.5 5 0.6 7 0.5 0.74
Perinatal morbidity- other 11 0.4 0.5 5 0.6 6 0.4 0.56
Oesophageal disease/ulcer 7 0.3 0.5 5 0.6 2 0.1 0.06
Dyspepsia/ indigestion 6 0.2 0.5 5 0.6 1 0.1 0.02
Skin burn/scald 6 0.2 0.5 5 0.6 1 0.1 0.02
Nutritional deficiency 23 0.9 0.4 2 0.2 21 1.4 0.01
Female genital infection 17 0.7 0.4 3 0.3 14 0.9 0.1
Liver disease- non-specified 5 0.2 0.4 5 0.6 0 0 0.00
  1. *Weighted for different population and utilisation rates between urban and rural areas.
  2. **Chi-squared test for differences in prevalence between urban/rural practices.