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Table 2 Factors associated with patient enablement: univariate analysis n = 3044

From: Patient enablement requires physician empathy: a cross-sectional study of general practice consultations in areas of high and low socioeconomic deprivation in Scotland

Variable Categories Odds Ratio Pvalue
Confidence that doctor will be able to help Not confident 1  
  Moderately confident 3.11 (1.46-6.62) 0.0033
  Very confident 1.89 (0.89-4.02) 0.098
  Completely confident 4.29 (2.06-8.97) 0.0001
Reason for seeing doctor New problem 1  
  Longstanding problem 1.18 (0.96-1.44) 0.10
  Both new and old problems 0.76 (0.62-92) 0.006
Complexity of problem Non complex (physical) 1  
  Complex (psychosocial) 0.78 (0.65-0.93) 0.0064
Patients' perception of GP empathy (CARE Measure) Less than 40 1  
  40 or more 2.13 (1.87-2.43) 0.00001
Emotional distress (GHQ-caseness) Less than 4 1  
  4 or more 0.50 (0.41-0.62) 0.00001
General health over last 12 months Very good 1  
  Good 0.91 (0.60-1.38) 0.65
  Fair 0.54 (0.37-0.77) 0.0083
  Bad 0.33 (0.23-0.48) 0.00001
  Very Bad 0.14 (0.08-0.27) 0.00001
Number of long term conditions 0 1  
  1 1.06 (0.8-1.39) 0.688
  2 0.86 (0.65-1.13) 0.269
  3 or more 0.63 (0.49-0.81) 0.0002
  1. 1. Expectation before the consultation
  2. 2. Reason for seeing the doctor (new or long-standing problem)
  3. 3. Complexity of problem (physical or psychosocial +/- physical)
  4. 4. Perception of the GPs empathy (CARE score)
  5. 5. Psychological distress (GHQ-caseness)
  6. 6. General health over the last 12 months
  7. 7. Multimorbidity (number of long-term conditions)
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