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Table 2 Treatment of COPD exacerbations in general practice

From: COPD exacerbations in general practice: variability in oral prednisolone courses

  Case 1 Case 2 Case 3 Case 4
  GOLD 1,2 no severe exacerbation GOLD 1,2 no severe exacerbation GOLD 3,4 severe exacerbation GOLD 3,4 severe exacerbation
  DM- [CI] DM+ [CI] DM- [CI] DM+ [CI] DM- [CI] DM+ [CI] DM- [CI] DM+ [CI]
Choice of treatment N = 165 N = 161 N = 164 N = 159 N = 166 N = 158 N = 158 N = 156
1-Specialist treatment 0%
[0.000-0.000]
0%
[0.000-0.000]
10%
[0.057-0.154]
16%
[0.104-0.223]
0%
[0.000-0.000]
0%
[0.000-0.000]
61%
[0.527-0.684]
72%
[0.640-0.787]
2- No treatment 2%
[0.004-0.052]
5%
[0.022-0.096]
0%
[0.000-0.000]
0%
[0.000-0.000]
0%
[0.000-0.000]
1%
[0.002-0.045]
0%
[0.000-0.000]
0%
[0.000-0.000]
3- Primary care treatment 98%
[0.948-0.996]
95%
[0.904-0.978]
90%
[0.846-0.943]
84%
[0.777-0.896]
100%
[0.967-1.000]
99%
[0.955-0.998]
39%
[0.316-0.473]
28%
[0.213-0.360]
Type of regimen N = 162 N = 157 N = 147 N = 134 N = 166 N = 157 N = 62 N = 43
A)Tapering regimen 0%
[0.000-0.000]
3%
[0.010-0.073]
1%
[0.000-0.037]
3%
[0.008-0.075]
2%
[0.004-0.052]
6%
[0.027-0.106]
6%
[0.018-0.157]
9%
[0.026-0.221]
B) Continuous regimen 100%
[0.966-1.000]
97%
[0.927-0.990]
99%
[0.963-1.000]
97%
[0.925-0.992]
98%
[0.948-0.996]
94%
[0.894-0.973]
94%
[0.843-0.982]
91%
[0.779-0.974]
Continuous regimen N = 161 N = 149 N = 143 N = 128 N = 160 N = 141 N = 57 N = 38
   30mg for 5 days 13%
[0.083-0.192]
17%
[0.112-0.238]
5%
[0.020-0.098]
6%
[0.027-0.119]
8%
[0.044-0.135]
9%
[0.050-0.153]
2%
[0.000-0.094]
5%
[0.006-0.177]
   30mg for 7 days 64%
[0.560-0.714]
57%
[0.487-0.651]
57%
[0.488-0.656]
61%
[0.519-0.694]
58%
[0.501-0.659]
59%
[0.503-0.671]
44%
[0.307-0.576]
42%
[0.263-0.592]
   30mg for 10 days 8%
[0.044-0.134]
6%
[0.028-0.112]
22%
[0.152-0.293]
20%
[0.137-0.283]
22%
[0.157-0.291]
20%
[0.136-0.274]
42%
[0.291-0.559]
40%
[0.240-0.566]
   30mg for 14 days 0%
[0.000-0.000]
0%
[0.000-0.000]
4%
[0.016-0.089]
1%
[0.000-0.043]
4%
[0.014-0.080]
1%
[0.000-0.039]
5%
[0.011-0.146]
5%
[0.006-0.177]
  1. DM - = patients without diabetes; DM + = patients with diabetes; CI = 95% confidence interval