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Table 5 Odds ratios of reporting good health and access and utilization for recent immigrants (< 5 years since arrival in Canada) compared to Canadian-born across primary care models

From: Access to primary health care for immigrants: results of a patient survey conducted in 137 primary care practices in Ontario, Canada

  Odds of reporting good to excellent health1OR (95% CI) First Contact Access2% difference from reference (95% CI) First Contact Utilization2% difference from reference (95% CI) Number of additional health visits in the past year2(95% CI)
Primary Care Model
Community Health Centre n=68 0.7 (0.4, 1.3) 2.1 (-2.5,6.7) 0 (-2.5,2.4) 6.2 (2.8,9.6)*
Fee-For-Service n=23 0.8 (0.3, 2.1) −8.0 (-15.0,-10.0)* −1.4 (-4.5,1.7) −0.3 (-4.0,3.4)
Capitation n=7 1.4 (0.2,12.0) 5.7 (-6.6,18.0) 0 (-2.5,2.4) 4.0 (-0.3,8.2)
  1. 1 Adjusted for age and sex.
  2. 2 Adjusted for age, sex, health status, number of years as patient in the practice.
  3. * Significantly different from the Canadian-born population.