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Table 3 Prevalence of NSAID use [%, (n)] among people with various chronic conditions and medication use

From: Cause for concern in the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications in the community -a population-based study

Chronic conditions   NSAID use % (n = 357)   NSAID use (n = 176)   Cox-2 inhibitor use (n = 187)  
Joint pain No 2.2 (23) < 0.01 1.6 (17) < 0.01 0.7 (7) < 0.01
  Yes       
  Diagnosed as arthritis 27.6 (247)   11.2 (100)   16.9 (151)  
  Not diagnosed as arthritis 6.7 (79)   4.9 (57)   2.0 (23)  
Cardiovascular disease/stroke No 10.2 (289) < 0.01 5.3 (150) 0.05 5.1 (144) < 0.01
  Yes 20.0 (60)   8.0 (24)   12.0 (36)  
MI/angina No 10.6 (308) < 0.01 5.4 (158) 0.28 5.3 (155) < 0.01
  Yes 18.8 (42)   7.1 (16)   11.6 (26)  
> 15% 10 year CVD risk No 10.4 (214) 0.01 5.6 (115) 0.44 5.0 (103) < 0.01
  Yes 14.7 (56)   6.6 (25)   8.4 (32)  
Hypertension* No 7.7 (140) < 0.01 4.6 (83) < 0.01 3.2 (59) < 0.01
  Yes 16.0 (217)   6.9 (93)   9.5 (128)  
Kidney disease** No 9.9 (245) < 0.01 5.4 (134) 0.58 4.7 (116) < 0.01
  Yes 15.9 (109)   6.0 (41)   10.1 (69)  
Primary care provider
visits in previous year
None 3.5 (8) < 0.01 3.1 (7) < 0.01 0.4 (1) < 0.01
  1-4 6.5 (103)   3.6 (56)   3.0 (47)  
  ≥ 5 18.0 (239)   8.4 (111)   10.0 (133)  
Medication use        
Anti-hypertensives No 9.3 (211) < 0.01 5.1 (117) 0.11 4.3 (98) < 0.01
  Yes 16.3 (146)   6.6 (59)   9.9 (89)  
Diuretics No 10.7 (325) < 0.01 5.5 (166) 0.31 5.4 (164) < 0.01
  Yes 24.1 (32)   7.5 (10)   17.3 (23)  
ACE inhibitors No 11.2 (314) 0.69 5.3 (150) 0.15 6.0 (169) 0.43
  Yes 11.9 (43)   7.2 (26)   5.0 (18)  
Gastro-esophageal reflux No 9.0 (243) < 0.01 4.9 (134) < 0.01 4.1 (112) < 0.01
  Yes 24.7 (114)   9.1 (42)   16.3 (75)  
  1. *Hypertension: systolic ≥ 140 mm Hg and/or diastolic ≥ 90 mm Hg or use of anti-hypertensive medication.
  2. **Kidney disease: GFR < 60 ml/min/1.73 m2, GFR > 60 and proteinuria.