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Table 1 Prevalence [% (n)] of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) use and multivariable adjusted odds ratios (95% confidence intervals) of NSAID use associated with demographic factors*

From: Cause for concern in the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications in the community -a population-based study

  ns-NSAIDs
(n = 176)
  COX-2 inhibitors
(n = 187)
  Combined
(n = 357**)
 
  % (n) OR (95% CI) % (n) OR (95% CI) % (n) OR (95% CI)
Sex       
Male 4.8 (73) 1.0 (ref) 5.0 (76) 1.0 (ref) 9.8 (147) 1.0 (ref)
Female 6.2 (103) 1.2 (0.9-1.7) 6.7 (111) 1.5 (1.03-2.0) 12.6 (210) 1.3 (1.04-1.7)
Age       
20-34 3.3 (10) 0.7 (0.4-1.4) 0.3 (1) 0.13 (0.02-0.98) 3.6 (11) 0.5 (0.3-0.98)
35-54 4.8 (60) 1.0 (ref) 2.3 (29) 1.0 (ref) 6.9 (87) 1.0 (ref)
55-74 6.5 (78) 0.9 (0.6-1.4) 9.1 (109) 3.1 (1.9-5.1) 15.4 (184) 1.6 (1.2-2.3)
75+ 6.7 (28) 0.8 (0.4-1.5) 11.5 (48) 3.7 (2.0-6.7) 17.9 (75) 1.7 (1.1-2.6)
Education       
High school or less 6.2 (100) 1.0 (ref) 7.0 (113) 1.0 (ref) 13.1 (211) 1.0 (ref)
Diploma/certificate/trade 5.4 (62) 1.0 (0.7-1.4) 5.2 (59) 1.1 (0.7-1.5) 10.4 (119) 1.0 (0.8-1.3)
University degree 3.4 (14) 0.7 (0.4-1.2) 3.6 (15) 1.2 (0.7-2.2) 6.5 (27) 0.8 (0.5-1.3)
Employment       
Full time 3.2 (36) 1.0 (ref) 2.2 (25) 1.0 (ref) 5.1 (58) 1.0 (ref)
Part time/casual 6.7 (35) 1.9 (1.1-3.1) 3.8 (20) 1.1 (0.6-2.1) 10.3 (54) 1.6 (1.1-2.4)
Unemployed 4.2 (3) 1.01 (0.3-3.5) 5.6 (4) 1.3 (0.4-4.1) 9.9 (7) 1.2 (0.5-3.0)
Home duties 5.2 (20) 1.2 (0.6-2.4) 6.8 (26) 0.9 (0.5-1.9) 11.9 (46) 1.2 (0.7-1.9)
Retired 7.7 (72) 2.0 (1.04-3.7) 10.5 (98) 1.2 (0.6-2.3) 18.2 (169) 1.7 (1.05-2.7)
Government benefit       
No 4.2 (77) 1.0 (ref) 2.8 (51) 1.0 (ref) 6.8 (125) 1.0 (ref)
Yes 7.6 (99) 1.4 (0.9-2.1) 10.3 (134) 1.9 (1.2-3.1) 17.7 (230) 1.6 (1.2-2.3)
  1. *n = 11 missing data for income, employment, and government benefit
  2. **6 participants were using both COX-2 and NSAIDs
  3. Government benefit includes all pensions or benefits but not including family allowance.