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Table 4 Univariate analysis: Categorical factors associated with greater self-care

From: Self-care in people with long term health problems: a community based survey

Variable Self-care practices used
Mean (SD)
p* Interpretation
Sex   < 0.001 Female respondents used a greater number of self-care practices than male respondents
   Male 3.12 (2.6)   
   Female 4.62 (2.9)   
Problem under control   0.001 Those who felt their health problem was not under control used a greater number of self-care practices
   Yes 3.75 (2.7)   
   No 4.59 (2.9)   
Use of prescription medication   0.039 Those currently taking prescription medications used a greater number of self-care practices
   Yes 4.36 (3.1)   
   No 3.85 (2.7)   
Have consulted a GP (< 6 months)   < 0.001 Those who had consulted a GP recently used a greater number of self-care practices
   Yes 4.8 (3.1)   
   No 3.61 (2.6)   
Have consulted a CAM practitioner (< 6 months)   < 0.001 Those who had consulted a CAM practitioner used a greater number of self-care practices
   Yes 5.64 (3)   
   No 3.64 (2.7)   
Have seen a specialist (ever)   < 0.001 Those who had seen a specialist used a greater number of self-care practices
   Yes 4.84 (3.0)   
   No 3.66 (2.73)   
  1. *p-value from two-sample t-test for equality of means