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Table 2 Numbers and percentages of respondents using specific self-care practices for their primary long term health problem, in whole sample and in each primary health problem subgroup

From: Self-care in people with long term health problems: a community based survey

  Primary health problem (n) Back
Pain
(200)
Headache/migraine
(57)
Tiredness/fatigue
(90)
Tummy/bowel
(103)
Stress/anxiety
(99)
Menstrual (23)
  Mean number of self-care practices reported 4.57 3.47 3.6 3.48 4.61 2.8
Self-care practices N % % % % % % %
Exercise 246 43 57 21.1 27.8 35.9 52.5 26.1
OTC medications 244 42.7 58.5 66.7 18.9 41.7 19.2 43.5
Positive thinking 211 36.9 29 19.3 38.9 36.9 63.6 26.1
Sleep 205 35.8 26.5 43.9 62.2 26.2 36.4 34.8
Heat 185 32.3 60 19.3 13.3 25.2 12.1 17.4
Pacing 160 28 35.5 15.8 33.3 11.7 35.4 13
Massage 145 25.3 47.5 28.1 8.9 13.6 10.1 8.7
Vitamins 132 23.1 24 19.3 28.9 25.2 14.1 30.4
Rest 131 22.9 22.5 33.3 30 16.5 18.2 21.7
Contact friend/family 111 19.4 10 8.8 13.3 13.6 56.6 17.4
Spend time alone 99 17.3 10.5 19.3 20 13.6 33.3 8.7
Reduce activity 80 14 17.5 8.8 16.7 9.7 14.1 4.3
Prayer 79 13.8 10.5 7 11.1 16.5 26.3 4.3
Diet 78 13.6 6.5 8.8 13.3 38.8 5.1 13
Meditation 67 11.7 12.5 7 6.7 13.6 17.2 4.3
Drinking 47 8.2 6.5 3.5 4.4 2.9 23.2 8.7
Cold 42 7.3 14.5 14 2.2 1 1 4.3
Hobbies 41 7.2 6.5 1.8 6.7 3.9 17.2 0
Support group 16 2.8 2 1.8 3.3 1.9 6.1 0