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Table 6 Factors with impact on citizens' behaviours toward health professionals and health system

From: Informed citizen and empowered citizen in health: results from an European survey

  Suggestions or queries on diagnosis or treatment to health professional Changing the use of medicine without consulting a health professional Making, cancelling or changing na appointment with health professional
  Oddsratio CI (95%) P-value Oddsratio CI (95%) P-value Oddsratio CI (95%) P-value
Male 0.88 0.76-1.01 0.072 1.16 0.87-1.55 0.323 1.11 0.91-1.37 0.296
Female 1         
Age    0.034    0.499    0.010
15-25 1.59 1.02-2.47 0.04 0.96 0.44-2.08 0.916 1.36 0.75-2.47 0.304
26-35 1.68 1.1-2.57 0.016 0.68 0.32-1.46 0.327 1.09 0.61-1.93 0.778
36-45 1.38 0.9-2.13 0.14 0.61 0.28-1.34 0.22 0.7 0.38-1.27 0.24
46-55 1.27 0.83-1.95 0.279 0.66 0.31-1.42 0.289 0.95 0.53-1.71 0.873
56-65 1.18 0.76-1.81 0.46 0.61 0.28-1.35 0.226 0.82 0.45-1.49 0.511
66-80 1    1    1   
Education    0.168    0.379    0.370
Higher education 1.21 0.96-1.52 0.109 0.87 0.54-1.38 0.547 0.89 0.64-1.23 0.48
A-Level 1.22 0.99-1.5 0.065 1.1 0.73-1.65 0.649 1.05 0.79-1.4 0.724
Below A-Level 1    1    1   
Kids at home (< 18) 1.03 0.88-1.21 0.676 1.22 0.88-1.67 0.231 1.15 0.92-1.43 0.223
No kids at home 1    1    1   
Place of living    0.130    0.727    0.150
City 1.09 0.84-1.4 0.53 0.86 0.53-1.41 0.556 1.26 0.87-1.82 0.214
Minor city or suburbs of a big city 1.05 0.81-1.36 0.703 0.76 0.46-1.26 0.284 1.02 0.7-1.49 0.906
Village 1.28 0.98-1.67 0.065 0.88 0.53-1.47 0.633 0.96 0.65-1.41 0.82
Rural/scattered house 1    1    1   
Work situation    0.147    0.119    0.310
Student 0.8 0.6-1.08 0.144 0.58 0.33-1.04 0.067 0.77 0.51-1.14 0.186
Working 1.04 0.85-1.29 0.691 0.99 0.66-1.49 0.967 1 0.75-1.33 0.993
Not at work 1         
Disable or with diagnosis 1.03 0.82-1.29 0.813 1.12 0.74-1.71 0.588 1.26 0.93-1.7 0.129
No 1    1    1   
Relative disable or with diagnosis 1.12 0.95-1.31 0.182 0.97 0.7-1.34 0.85 1.15 0.92-1.43 0.221
No 1         
Subjective health    <.001    0.030    0.466
Good 0.48 0.32-0.74 <.001 0.71 0.34-1.48 0.362 0.82 0.48-1.4 0.478
Fair 0.69 0.45-1.06 0.09 1.13 0.54-2.35 0.752 0.95 0.55-1.64 0.86
Bad 1    1    1   
One or more visits to GP in the previous year 1.75 1.42-2.15 <.001 1.26 0.8-1.98 0.311 1.77 1.26-2.49 <.001
No visits to GP in the previous year 1    1    1   
Use of the Internet to interact with unknown HP    0.026    0.041    0.132
Established 1.19 0.88-1.62 0.257 0.88 0.5-1.55 0.655 0.8 0.53-1.21 0.292
Infrequent 1.27 1.06-1.52 0.009 1.5 1.07-2.11 0.019 1.19 0.94-1.52 0.152
No 1    1    1   
Use of the Internet to participate in forums or self help groups    <.001    0.002    <.001
Established 1.75 1.31-2.35 <.001 2.34 1.48-3.7 <.001 1.73 1.21-2.47 0.003
Infrequent 1.47 1.21-1.78 <.001 1.04 0.7-1.55 0.844 1.52 1.18-1.97 0.001
No 1    1    1   
Use of the Internet to order medicines or other products related to health    0.002    0.151    <.001
Established 1.9 1.31-2.74 <.001 1.75 1.02-3.03 0.044 2.16 1.43-3.25 <.001
Infrequent 1.08 0.88-1.31 0.467 1.03 0.69-1.54 0.869 1.65 1.28-2.12 <.001
No 1    1    1   
Use of the Internet to read about health and illness    <.001    0.331    0.052
Established 2.59 1.9-3.52 <.001 1.6 0.81-3.18 0.174 1.7 1.04-2.78 0.033
Infrequent 1.57 1.16-2.14 0.004 1.41 0.72-2.78 0.318 1.45 0.89-2.36 0.14
No 1    1    1   
  1. P-values are typed in italic when significant at the 5% level