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Table 3 Breakdown of practice/patient level characteristics by payment model

From: Comparison of primary care models in the prevention of cardiovascular disease - a cross sectional study

  Primary care payment model p-value
Characteristics FFS Blended Capitation CHC  
Practice Level Characteristics     
Number of practices (n = 82) 43 27 12 -
Step I 20 (80%) 1 (4%) 4 (16%) -
Step II 12 (40%) 12 (40%) 6 (20%)  
Step III 11 (41%) 14 (52%) 2 (7%)  
Multidisciplinary practices* 2 (5.0%) 10 (37%) 12 (100%) < 0.0001
Practices using EMR 7 (16%) 21 (78%) 11 (92%) < 0.0001
Urban practices+ 36 (84%) 23 (85%) 8 (67%) 0.35
Physician graduation year (median, IQR) 1983 (11) 1984 (9) 1991 (4.5) -
Patient Level Characteristics     
Number of patients (n = 4808) 2565 1555 688 -
Patient age (mean, SD) 66 (11.5) 66 (11.4) 64 (11.9) 0.0002
Female patients (n, %) 1356 (53%) 757 (49%) 354 (51%) 0.47
Number of cardiovascular disease-related comorbidities per patient (Mean, SD) 2.7 (1.1) 2.8 (1.0) 2.8 (1.1) 0.20
Diabetes (n, %) 1191 (46%) 734 (47%) 332 (48%) 0.82
Chronic kidney disease (n,%) 457 (18%) 294 (19%) 117 (17%) 0.61
Dyslipidemia (n, %) 2135 (83%) 1314 (85%) 591 (86%) 0.40
Hypertension (n, %) 1955 (76%) 1194 (77%) 554 (81%) 0.35
Smokers (n, %) 514 (20%) 324 (21%) 202 (29%) 0.07
  1. * Multidisciplinary refers to presence of allied health professionals (ie. social worker, dietician, pharmacist), excluding nurse staff, but including nurse-practitioners.
  2. + Based on Statistics Canada definition of urban areas (ie. 'An urban area has a minimum population concentration of 1,000 persons and a population density of at least 400 persons per square kilometre')