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Table 2 Summary of the 16 Studies Reviewed

From: Effectiveness of IT-based diabetes management interventions: a review of the literature

Design Intervention Country Focus Sample Sample size
(n)
Duration Reference
Cluster blind RCT Electronic decision support system USA GP T1D, T2D 639 21 months [15]
Cluster RCT Diabetes register UK GP T2D 3, 608 15 months [16]
Cluster RCT Diabetes register USA GP T2D 7, 101 12 months [17]
Cluster RCT Electronic telemedicine USA Patient T2D 1, 665 12 months [18]
Cluster RCT Electronic telemedicine USA GP T2D 1, 665 12 months [19]
Cluster RCT Electronic self-management system USA Patient T2D 886 12 months [20]
RCT Electronic self-management system USA Patient T1D, T2D 122 6 months [21]
RCT Electronic self-management system USA Patient T1D, T2D 104 12 months [22]
RCT Electronic self-management system USA Patient T1D, T2D 62 6 months [23]
Nonrandomised cluster control trial Electronic management system USA GP T1D, T2D 6, 646 24 months [24]
Nonrandomised control trial Diabetes register USA GP T1D, T2D 898 20 months [25]
Nonrandomised control trial Personal Digital Assistant (PDA) based electronic management system USA GP T2D 173 16 months [26]
Nonrandomised control trial Diabetes register USA GP T1D, T2D 661 2 years [27]
Nonrandomised control trial Electronic decision support system USA GP T1D, T2D 16 6 months [28]
Single sample before and after design Diabetes register USA GP T1D, T2D 62 3 years [29]
Single sample before and after design Diabetes register Korea GP T1D, T2D 185 3 months [30]
  1. Note. RCT = randomised control trial; GP = general practitioner; T1D = type 1 diabetes; T2D = type 2 diabetes.