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Table 2 Factors associated with scoring greater than 7 on AUDIT questionnaire.

From: Prevalence of problem alcohol use among patients attending primary care for methadone treatment

Factor AUDIT positive cases (n = 68) AUDIT negative cases (n = 128) Odds ratio (95% CI) Chi 2 statistic
(p value)
Sociodemographic characteristics
Age under 33 38(56%) 71(56%) 1.02(0.56–1.84) 0.00(0.96)
Male gender 50(74%) 83(65%) 1.51(0.79–2.88) 1.54(0.22)
Attending GP for 48 months or less 36(53%) 55(52%) 1.06(0.59–1.91) 0.34(0.85)
Currently in full or part-time employment 29(46%) 59(48%) 0.91(0.50–1.68) 0.09(0.76)
Living in own home 11(18%) 26(21%) 0.78(0.36–1.71) 0.39(0.54)
Living with at least one relative 41(65%) 75(62%) 1.17(0.62–2.20) 0.82(0.66)
Living with a partner/spouse 27(66%) 50(67%) 0.96(0.43–2.16) 0.01(0.93)
Has children 39(62%) 90(74%) 0.58(0.30–1.11) 2.77(0.10)
Living with children 22(56%) 63(70%) 0.56(0.26–1.21) 2.24(0.14)
Problem substance use
Current methadone treatment episode 48 months or less 38(56%) 67(52%) 1.15(0.64–2.08) 0.22(0.64)
Methadone dose of 60 mgs or less daily 25(37%) 35(27%) 1.55(0.83–2.89) 1.86(0.17)
Maintenance methadone treatment * 50(74%) 110(86%) 0.46(0.22–0.95) 4.56(0.03)
First used heroin at 18 years or younger 44(65%) 80(63%) 1.08(0.58–1.99) 0.06(0.81)
Have injected heroin ever 47(69%) 102(80%) 0.57(0.29–1.12) 2.72(0.10)
Other medical issues
Tested for hepatitis C in the previous 12 months 41(60%) 73(57%) 1.14(0.63–2.08) 0.19(0.66)
Perceived to be hepatitis C positive 36(58%) 71(56%) 1.07(0.58–1.98) 0.05(0.82)
Tested for HIV in the previous 12 months 40(59%) 71(56%) 1.15(0.63–2.08) 0.20(0.65)
Perceived to be HIV positive 3(5%) 7(6%) 0.86(0.21–3.44) 0.05(0.83)
Attended a hospital clinic in the last year* 7(10%) 32(25%) 0.34(0.14–0.83) 6.03(0.01)
Attended a local Emergency Department in the last year* 17(25%) 17(13%) 2.18(1.03–4.61) 4.25(0.04)
Use of illicit substances in the previous month
Any illicit substance 57(84%) 98(77%) 1.59(0.74–3.41) 1.42(0.23)
Cannabis 46(68%) 73(57%) 1.58(0.85–2.92) 2.10(0.15)
Heroin 21(31%) 28(22%) 1.60(0.82–3.10) 1.92(0.17)
Methadone 10(15%) 12(9%) 1.67(0.68–4.09) 1.27(0.26)
Benzodiazepines* 21(31%) 21(16%) 2.28(1.14–4.56) 5.53(0.02)
Cocaine 12(17.6%) 14(11%) 1.75(0.76–4.02) 1.74(0.19)
Crack cocaine 1(2%) 5(4%) 0.37(0.04–3.21) 0.89(0.35)
Amphetamines* 3 (4%) 0(0%) N/A 5.74(0.02)
  1. * association at < 0.05 significance level;
  2. ** association at < 0.01 significance level.