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  1. Research article

    Criteria in diagnosing nocturnal leg cramps: a systematic review

    Up to 33% of the general population over 50 years of age are affected by nocturnal leg cramps. Currently there are no generally accepted clinical characteristics, which identify nocturnal leg cramps. This stud...

    Joannes Hallegraeff, Mathieu de Greef, Wim Krijnen and Cees van der Schans

    BMC Family Practice 2017 18:29

    Published on: 28 February 2017

  2. Research article

    Using self-reported data on the social determinants of health in primary care to identify cancer screening disparities: opportunities and challenges

    Data on the social determinants of health can help primary care practices target improvement efforts, yet relevant data are rarely available. Our family practice located in Toronto, Ontario routinely collects ...

    A.K. Lofters, A. Schuler, M. Slater, N.N. Baxter, N. Persaud, A.D. Pinto, E. Kucharski, S. Davie, R. Nisenbaum and T. Kiran

    BMC Family Practice 2017 18:31

    Published on: 28 February 2017

  3. Research article

    Nurses’ and pharmacists’ learning experiences from participating in interprofessional medication reviews for elderly in primary health care - a qualitative study

    Traditionally, drug prescription and follow up have been the sole responsibility of physicians. However, interprofessional medication reviews (IMRs) have been developed to prevent drug discrepancies and patien...

    H. T. Bell, A. G. Granas, I. Enmarker, R. Omli and A. Steinsbekk

    BMC Family Practice 2017 18:30

    Published on: 28 February 2017

  4. Research article

    Implementation of cardiovascular disease prevention in primary health care: enhancing understanding using normalisation process theory

    The reorientation of primary health care towards prevention is fundamental to addressing the rising burden of chronic disease. However, in Australia, cardiovascular disease prevention practice in primary healt...

    Nerida Volker, Lauren T. Williams, Rachel C. Davey, Thomas Cochrane and Tanya Clancy

    BMC Family Practice 2017 18:28

    Published on: 24 February 2017

  5. Research article

    Patient-centeredness to anticipate and organize an end-of-life project for patients receiving at-home palliative care: a phenomenological study

    The development of end-of-life primary care is a socio-medical and ethical challenge. However, general practitioners (GPs) face many difficulties when initiating appropriate discussion on proactive shared pall...

    Agnès Oude Engberink, Mélanie Badin, Philippe Serayet, Sylvain Pavageau, François Lucas, Gérard Bourrel, Joanna Norton, Grégory Ninot and Pierre Senesse

    BMC Family Practice 2017 18:27

    Published on: 23 February 2017

  6. Research article

    Process evaluation of a stepped-care program to prevent depression in primary care: patients’ and practice nurses’ experiences

    Depression is common in patients with diabetes type 2 (DM2) and/or coronary heart disease (CHD), with high personal and societal burden and may even be preventable. Recently, a cluster randomized trial of step...

    Alide D. Pols, Karen Schipper, Debbie Overkamp, Susan E. van Dijk, Judith E. Bosmans, Harm W. J. van Marwijk, Marcel C. Adriaanse and Maurits W. van Tulder

    BMC Family Practice 2017 18:26

    Published on: 23 February 2017

  7. Research article

    The implementation of health promotion in primary and community care: a qualitative analysis of the ‘Prescribe Vida Saludable’ strategy

    The impact of lifestyle on health is undeniable and effective healthy lifestyle promotion interventions do exist. However, this is not a fundamental part of routine primary care clinical practice. We describe ...

    Catalina Martinez, Gonzalo Bacigalupe, Josep M. Cortada, Gonzalo Grandes, Alvaro Sanchez, Haizea Pombo and Paola Bully

    BMC Family Practice 2017 18:23

    Published on: 17 February 2017

  8. Research article

    Feasibility of an implementation strategy for the integration of health promotion in routine primary care: a quantitative process evaluation

    Process evaluation is recommended to improve the understanding of underlying mechanisms related to clinicians, patients, context and intervention delivery that may impact on trial or program results, feasibili...

    Alvaro Sanchez, Gonzalo Grandes, Josep M. Cortada, Haizea Pombo, Catalina Martinez, Mary Helen Corrales, Enrique de la Peña, Justo Mugica and Esther Gorostiza

    BMC Family Practice 2017 18:24

    Published on: 17 February 2017

  9. Research article

    General practitioners’ views on (long-term) prescription and use of problematic and potentially inappropriate medication for oldest-old patients—A qualitative interview study with GPs (CIM-TRIAD study)

    Potentially inappropriate medication (PIM) is defined as medication with uncertain therapeutic effects and/or potential adverse drug reactions outweighing the clinical benefits. The prescription rate of PIM fo...

    Nadine Janis Pohontsch, Kathrin Heser, Antje Löffler, Britta Haenisch, Debora Parker, Tobias Luck, Steffi G. Riedel-Heller, Wolfgang Maier, Frank Jessen and Martin Scherer

    BMC Family Practice 2017 18:22

    Published on: 17 February 2017

  10. Research article

    Survey of Spanish general practitioners’ attitudes toward management of sore throat: an internet-based questionnaire study

    The management of sore throat varies widely in Europe. The objective of this study was to gain insight into clinicians’ perceptions on the current management of sore throat in Spain.

    Carl Llor, Isabel Vilaseca, Eduardo Lehrer-Coriat, Xavier Boleda, José L. Cañada, Ana Moragas and Josep M. Cots

    BMC Family Practice 2017 18:21

    Published on: 14 February 2017

  11. Research article

    Using theory to explore facilitators and barriers to delayed prescribing in Australia: a qualitative study using the Theoretical Domains Framework and the Behaviour Change Wheel

    Delayed antibiotic prescribing reduces antibiotic use for acute respiratory infections in trials in general practice, but the uptake in clinical practice is low. The aim of the study was to identify facilitato...

    Lucy Sargent, Amanda McCullough, Chris Del Mar and John Lowe

    BMC Family Practice 2017 18:20

    Published on: 13 February 2017

  12. Research article

    The 5As team patient study: patient perspectives on the role of primary care in obesity management

    Over 60% of people have overweight or obesity, but only a third report receiving counselling from primary care providers. We explored patients’ perspectives on the role of primary care in obesity management an...

    Jacqueline Torti, Thea Luig, Michelle Borowitz, Jeffrey A. Johnson, Arya M. Sharma and Denise L. Campbell-Scherer

    BMC Family Practice 2017 18:19

    Published on: 8 February 2017

  13. Research article

    Musculoskeletal pain and co-morbid insomnia in adults; a population study of the prevalence and impact on restricted social participation

    Comorbidity is common in patients consulting in primary care. Musculoskeletal pain and insomnia each increase the risk of the other. Co-occurrence may pose an increased burden on well-being. However, the preva...

    Shula Baker, John McBeth, Carolyn A. Chew-Graham and Ross Wilkie

    BMC Family Practice 2017 18:17

    Published on: 7 February 2017

  14. Research article

    Factors influencing decision of general practitioners and managers to train and employ a nurse practitioner or physician assistant in primary care: a qualitative study

    Due to the increasing demand on primary care, it is not only debated whether there are enough general practitioners (GPs) to comply with these demands but also whether specific tasks can be performed by other ...

    Mieke van der Biezen, Emmy Derckx, Michel Wensing and Miranda Laurant

    BMC Family Practice 2017 18:16

    Published on: 7 February 2017

  15. Debate

    “Medically unexplained” symptoms and symptom disorders in primary care: prognosis-based recognition and classification

    Many patients consult their GP because they experience bodily symptoms. In a substantial proportion of cases, the clinical picture does not meet the existing diagnostic criteria for diseases or disorders. This...

    Marianne Rosendal, Tim C Olde Hartman, Aase Aamland, Henriette van der Horst, Peter Lucassen, Anna Budtz-Lilly and Christopher Burton

    BMC Family Practice 2017 18:18

    Published on: 7 February 2017

  16. Research article

    Does a complex intervention increase patient knowledge about oral anticoagulation? - a cluster-randomised controlled trial

    Oral anticoagulation therapy (OAT) is a challenge in general practice, especially for high-risk groups such as the elderly. Insufficient patient knowledge about safety-relevant aspects of OAT is considered to ...

    Verena Maikranz, Andrea Siebenhofer, Lisa-R. Ulrich, Karola Mergenthal, Sylvia Schulz-Rothe, Birgit Kemperdick, Sandra Rauck, Gudrun Pregartner, Andrea Berghold, Ferdinand M. Gerlach and Juliana J. Petersen

    BMC Family Practice 2017 18:15

    Published on: 7 February 2017

  17. Research article

    From practice employee to (co-)owner: young GPs predict their future careers: a cross-sectional survey

    In Switzerland, the mean age of GPs in 1993 was 46. In 2015, it had increased to 55, and GPs over 65 made up 15% of the workforce of the about 6000 GPs. As older, self-employed GPs retire, young doctors will b...

    Luzia Birgit Gisler, Marius Bachofner, Cora Nina Moser-Bucher, Nathalie Scherz and Sven Streit

    BMC Family Practice 2017 18:12

    Published on: 2 February 2017

  18. Research article

    Effective team-based primary care: observations from innovative practices

    Team-based care is now recognized as an essential feature of high quality primary care, but there is limited empiric evidence to guide practice transformation. The purpose of this paper is to describe advances...

    Edward H. Wagner, Margaret Flinter, Clarissa Hsu, DeAnn Cromp, Brian T. Austin, Rebecca Etz, Benjamin F. Crabtree and MaryJoan D. Ladden

    BMC Family Practice 2017 18:13

    Published on: 2 February 2017

  19. Research article

    Microbiological point of care testing before antibiotic prescribing in primary care: considerable variations between practices

    Point-of-care testing (POCT) in primary care may improve rational antibiotic prescribing. We examined use of POCT in Denmark, including patient- and general practitioner (GP)-related predictors.

    Steffen Haldrup, Reimar W. Thomsen, Flemming Bro, Robert Skov, Lars Bjerrum and Mette Søgaard

    BMC Family Practice 2017 18:9

    Published on: 26 January 2017

  20. Research article

    Self-treatment of acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease requires more than symptom recognition – a qualitative study of COPD patients’ perspectives on self-treatment

    Self-treatment of acute exacerbations of COPD with antibiotics and/or oral corticosteroids has emerged as a promising strategy to reduce hospitalization rates, mortality and health costs. However, for reasons ...

    Johanna Laue, Hasse Melbye and Mette Bech Risør

    BMC Family Practice 2017 18:8

    Published on: 25 January 2017

  21. Research article

    Practice variation in surgical procedures and IUD-insertions among general practitioners in Norway – a longitudinal study

    Studies of Primary Health Care (PHC) reveal considerable practice variations in terms of the range of services provided. In Norway, general practitioners (GPs) are traditionally expected to perform IUD-inserti...

    Andreas Saxlund Pahle, Daniel Sørli, Ivar Sønbø Kristiansen, Trygve S. Deraas and Peder A. Halvorsen

    BMC Family Practice 2017 18:7

    Published on: 21 January 2017

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