Knowledge, attitudes, behaviors, education, and communication

Section edited by Carolyn Chew-Graham and Harm van Marwijk

This section covers, though is not limited to, education in general practice, health literacy and communication skills, eHealth and medical record systems, patient reported outcomes and quality indicators, and patient-physician relations, within the context of primary care.

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  1. Research article

    General practitioners’ views on (long-term) prescription and use of problematic and potentially inappropriate medication for oldest-old patients—A qualitative interview study with GPs (CIM-TRIAD study)

    Potentially inappropriate medication (PIM) is defined as medication with uncertain therapeutic effects and/or potential adverse drug reactions outweighing the clinical benefits. The prescription rate of PIM fo...

    Nadine Janis Pohontsch, Kathrin Heser, Antje Löffler, Britta Haenisch, Debora Parker, Tobias Luck, Steffi G. Riedel-Heller, Wolfgang Maier, Frank Jessen and Martin Scherer

    BMC Family Practice 2017 18:22

    Published on: 17 February 2017

  2. Research article

    Survey of Spanish general practitioners’ attitudes toward management of sore throat: an internet-based questionnaire study

    The management of sore throat varies widely in Europe. The objective of this study was to gain insight into clinicians’ perceptions on the current management of sore throat in Spain.

    Carl Llor, Isabel Vilaseca, Eduardo Lehrer-Coriat, Xavier Boleda, José L. Cañada, Ana Moragas and Josep M. Cots

    BMC Family Practice 2017 18:21

    Published on: 14 February 2017

  3. Research article

    Using theory to explore facilitators and barriers to delayed prescribing in Australia: a qualitative study using the Theoretical Domains Framework and the Behaviour Change Wheel

    Delayed antibiotic prescribing reduces antibiotic use for acute respiratory infections in trials in general practice, but the uptake in clinical practice is low. The aim of the study was to identify facilitato...

    Lucy Sargent, Amanda McCullough, Chris Del Mar and John Lowe

    BMC Family Practice 2017 18:20

    Published on: 13 February 2017

  4. Research article

    The 5As team patient study: patient perspectives on the role of primary care in obesity management

    Over 60% of people have overweight or obesity, but only a third report receiving counselling from primary care providers. We explored patients’ perspectives on the role of primary care in obesity management an...

    Jacqueline Torti, Thea Luig, Michelle Borowitz, Jeffrey A. Johnson, Arya M. Sharma and Denise L. Campbell-Scherer

    BMC Family Practice 2017 18:19

    Published on: 8 February 2017

  5. Research article

    Does a complex intervention increase patient knowledge about oral anticoagulation? - a cluster-randomised controlled trial

    Oral anticoagulation therapy (OAT) is a challenge in general practice, especially for high-risk groups such as the elderly. Insufficient patient knowledge about safety-relevant aspects of OAT is considered to ...

    Verena Maikranz, Andrea Siebenhofer, Lisa-R. Ulrich, Karola Mergenthal, Sylvia Schulz-Rothe, Birgit Kemperdick, Sandra Rauck, Gudrun Pregartner, Andrea Berghold, Ferdinand M. Gerlach and Juliana J. Petersen

    BMC Family Practice 2017 18:15

    Published on: 7 February 2017

  6. Research article

    Self-treatment of acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease requires more than symptom recognition – a qualitative study of COPD patients’ perspectives on self-treatment

    Self-treatment of acute exacerbations of COPD with antibiotics and/or oral corticosteroids has emerged as a promising strategy to reduce hospitalization rates, mortality and health costs. However, for reasons ...

    Johanna Laue, Hasse Melbye and Mette Bech Risør

    BMC Family Practice 2017 18:8

    Published on: 25 January 2017

  7. Research article

    Patients’ and physicians’ perceptions and attitudes about oral anticoagulation and atrial fibrillation: a qualitative systematic review

    Oral anticoagulant therapy reduces the risk of stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation, but many patients are still not prescribed this therapy. The causes of underuse of vitamin K antagonists oral anticoa...

    Gemma Mas Dalmau, Elisenda Sant Arderiu, María Belén Enfedaque Montes, Ivan Solà, Sandra Pequeño Saco and Pablo Alonso Coello

    BMC Family Practice 2017 18:3

    Published on: 13 January 2017

  8. Research article

    A nurse-led clinic for patients consulting with osteoarthritis in general practice: development and impact of training in a cluster randomised controlled trial

    Despite a lack of service provision for people with osteoarthritis (OA), each year 1 in 5 of the general population consults a GP about a musculoskeletal condition such as OA. Consequently this may provide an ...

    Emma L. Healey, Chris J. Main, Sarah Ryan, Gretl A. McHugh, Mark Porcheret, Andrew G. Finney, Andrew Morden and Krysia S. Dziedzic

    BMC Family Practice 2016 17:173

    Published on: 21 December 2016

  9. Research article

    What influences general practitioners’ use of exercise for patients with chronic knee pain? Results from a national survey

    Exercise is a recommended ‘core’ treatment for chronic knee pain (CKP), however it appears to be underused by general practitioners (GPs). While behavioural theories suggest that attitudes and beliefs influenc...

    Elizabeth Cottrell, Edward Roddy, Trishna Rathod, Mark Porcheret and Nadine E. Foster

    BMC Family Practice 2016 17:172

    Published on: 19 December 2016

  10. Research article

    Factors influencing deprescribing for residents in Advanced Care Facilities: insights from General Practitioners in Australia and Sweden

    General Practitioners (GPs) are responsible for primary prescribing decisions in most settings. Elderly patients living in Advanced Care Facilities (ACFs) often have significant co-morbidities to consider when...

    Beata Borgström Bolmsjö, Anna Palagyi, Lisa Keay, Jan Potter and Richard I. Lindley

    BMC Family Practice 2016 17:152

    Published on: 5 November 2016

  11. Research article

    Feasibility of alcohol screening among patients receiving opioid treatment in primary care

    Identifying and treating problem alcohol use among people who also use illicit drugs is a challenge. Primary care is well placed to address this challenge but there are several barriers which may prevent this ...

    Anne Marie Henihan, Geoff McCombe, Jan Klimas, Davina Swan, Dorothy Leahy, Rolande Anderson, Gerard Bury, Colum P. Dunne, Eamon Keenan, John S. Lambert, David Meagher, Clodagh O’Gorman, Tom P. O’Toole, Jean Saunders, Gillian W. Shorter, Bobby P. Smyth…

    BMC Family Practice 2016 17:153

    Published on: 5 November 2016

  12. Research article

    Knowledge, attitudes and practices towards antibiotic use in upper respiratory tract infections among patients seeking primary health care in Singapore

    Patients’ expectations can influence antibiotic prescription by primary healthcare physicians. We assessed knowledge, attitude and practices towards antibiotic use for upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs...

    Darius Shaw Teng Pan, Joyce Huixin Huang, Magdalene Hui Min Lee, Yue Yu, Mark I-Cheng Chen, Ee Hui Goh, Lili Jiang, Joash Wen Chen Chong, Yee Sin Leo, Tau Hong Lee, Chia Siong Wong, Victor Weng Keong Loh, Adrian Zhongxian Poh, Tat Yean Tham, Wei Mon Wong and Fong Seng Lim

    BMC Family Practice 2016 17:148

    Published on: 3 November 2016

  13. Research article

    Exploring the barriers and facilitators to use of point of care tests in family medicine clinics in the United States

    Point-of-care tests (POCTs) are increasingly used in family medicine clinics in the United States. While the diagnostics industry predicts significant growth in the number and scope of POCTs deployed, little i...

    Victoria Hardy, Matthew Thompson, William Alto, Gina A. Keppel, Jaime Hornecker, Adriana Linares, Beth Robitaille and Laura-Mae Baldwin

    BMC Family Practice 2016 17:149

    Published on: 3 November 2016

  14. Research article

    The differential diagnosis of tiredness: a systematic review

    Tiredness is one of the most frequent complaints in primary care. Although often self-limiting and frequently associated with psychosocial stress, patients but also their physicians are often uncertain regardi...

    Rebekka Stadje, Katharina Dornieden, Erika Baum, Annette Becker, Tobias Biroga, Stefan Bösner, Jörg Haasenritter, Christian Keunecke, Annika Viniol and Norbert Donner-Banzhoff

    BMC Family Practice 2016 17:147

    Published on: 20 October 2016

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